Head of Regulated Industries
Head of Regulated Industries
78 Cannon Street
Robert is Head of the Regulated Industries team (power, water, gas, clean energy), and has been advising in the energy sector for over 25 years. He is also Head of the CMS Energy Group across all CMS offices. The practice is the market leader and has advised on, and created, many of the innovative and ground breaking elements of the developing electricity industry structures and markets in the UK and throughout the world.
His work covers all elements of the power industry, from nuclear through networks and renewables, and includes restructurings and market reform, privatisations, regulatory and commercial advice, M&A, financings, competition/regulatory appeals, trading and disputes
Robert advises utilities, infrastructure funds, governments, banks, regulators and large users of electricity on generation (conventional, nuclear and renewables), transmission, distribution, supply and interconnectors, structure, legislation, licences, secondary legislation, industry Codes including Grid Codes, Distribution Codes, Trading Codes, industry agreements, including connection agreements, capacity agreements, CfDs, on ancillary services, metering, disputes and CMA Appeals. He also advises on M&A transactions, joint ventures and projects. He works extensively throughout the world with recent advice including in Saudi Arabia, Iceland, Japan and Mauritius.
- Transmission and Distribution: all aspects of transmission and distribution issues, having originally restructured and privatised National Grid in 1990. He wrote the E&W Grid Code, which has been one of the main templates for grid codes throughout the world, and developed the connection agreement and now code, the ancillary services arrangements, the wholesale trading arrangements (the Pool and subsequently NETA and BETTA). In Northern Ireland, he restructured and privatised the industry in 1992 acting for Northern Ireland Electricity, developing the Grid and Distribution Code, connection arrangements, Power Purchase Agreements, Wholesale trading arrangements, and supply arrangements. He has continued to advise in both jurisdictions covering issues such as Contestability, Balancing Arrangements, Incentives and price controls generally, and has worked on transmission and distribution related issues throughout the world, including in Australia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Inia, the US, Canada, Mexico, Italy, Slovakia, Belgium, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Japan and South Africa. He also advises on Offshore Transmission (OFTOs). In Ireland he advised on the restructuring of ESB, including on the Grid Code, connection arrangements, legislation and licensing, trading, and wholesale market reform.
- Nuclear: all aspects, with advice over the years including on Sizewell B, on the nuclear provisions in the Grid Code, on decommissioning in Slovakia, where he authored the funding legislation, on the creation of Horizon Nuclear Power and the development of the projects at Anglesey and Oldbury, on the bid for British Energy by an overseas utility, EDF Energy on nuclear new build in the UK.
- Electricity Market Reform: all elements of electricity market reform, restructurings and privatisations, having advised originally on the England & Wales and Northern Ireland restructurings between 1988 and 1993. Most recently he advised National Grid on EMR in the UK, covering the CfD and capacity market regimes, which involved working closely with government and Ofgem, and the industry parties. Other restructurings throughout the world include Victoria Australia, New Zealand, India, South Africa, Mexico, Russia, Ontario, Ireland, Greece, Saudi Arabia, Japan, Italy, Belgium and Turkey.
- CMA Appeals: successful on the first appeals to the CMA in relation to price controls, where he acted for a DNO in connection with the appeals brought by British Gas and by NPG against the ED1 distribution system price controls. This was a brand new process, applied for the first time, and undertaken in a short time window.
- Interconnectors: in 1988 in relation to the position of the existing England-France interconnector in the context of the E&W restructuring and privatisation, and has subsequently advised on nearly all the interconnectors since built and is currently advising on a number being planned and developed. Recent advice has included on the Western Link, on the interconnectors to Belgium, to Norway, the Netherlands, on the Channel Islands Electricity Grid, on FAB Link and on IFA2. He has also advised on the UK-Iceland link, on Eastern Link and the Moyle. As well as HVDC links, he has also advised in relation to a number of AC links, and on capacity allocation arrangements, interconnector operating arrangements and interconnector trading generally.
- IME3: all the internal market in electricity directives and their implementation in a number of European States, and recently has advised widely on certification of transmission under the IME3 Directive, including on the exceptional Article 9(9) models. He advises on all aspects of European directives and regulations affecting the electricity industry.
- Conventional generation and renewables: gas and coal powered projects, biomass, offshore wind, storage, district heating and cooling, and solar.
- Supply: all aspects of supply businesses including licensing, regulatory requirements, M&A, supply terms, trading, metering, supply competition and establishing new supply businesses. Philippines: on restructuring issues.
- M&A: purchasers and sellers in relation to nuclear, conventional generation, networks, supply and OFTOs.
1982 - Solicitor of the Supreme Court
1979 – LLB, UCL, London
Past Chairman, The UK Government's Power Sector Advisory Group
Executive Member, The Parliamentary Group for Energy Studies
Board Member, The British Electricity Association
Board Member, The Energy Industries Club
Chairman, The Energy Committee of the City of London Solicitors Company
Board Member of the Nuclear Industry Association
Appointed CBE in 2001 for services to trade and business.