Russia

Inclusion of Ts&Cs

National Law
Russian law requires that the Ts&Cs must be agreed by the parties in order to be part of the contract.

To include Ts&Cs into the contract parties shall make a reference to a particular version of Ts&Cs to avoid any ambiguities.

A reference to one‘s Ts&Cs on offer documents is sufficient (unless there is a Battle of Forms situation) if the other party does have an access to such Ts&Cs.

CISG
From a Russian law perspective, under the CISG, the situation equals the situation described for national law.

Battle of Forms

National Law
Under Russian law, the Last-Shot Rule applies.

CISG
From a Russian law perspective, under the CISG, the Last-Shot Rule applies.

Contact

CMS Russia
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123317 Moscow
Russia