Information current as of 3 June 2019

What is the state of 5G deployment in Poland?

The Ministry of Digitalisation, in the “5G Strategy for Poland” (January 2018), set three specific objectives:

  • adopting a coherent 5G implementation policy in Poland.
  • covering, by 2025, all urban areas and major rail and road transport routes with the new 5G network.
  • designating one large city in which the 5G network will be operating on commercial terms by the end of 2020 (the city would be Łódź).

Additionally, in the justification of the draft act amending the act of 7 May 2010 on supporting the development of telecommunications services and networks, two further objectives were indicated:

  • ensuring, by 2025, wide public internet access of a bandwidth of at least 100 Mbps based on networks that will also enable the provision of services with bandwidths measured in Gbps.
  • providing, by 2025, internet access of a bandwidth of at least 1 Gbps to all major drivers of socio-economic development (such as schools, healthcare units, public service delivery points and transport hubs).

The following issues are mentioned among the main barriers to the development of 5G technology:

  • the issue of PEM limits (exposure to electromagnetic field) – due to the restrictions in this respect, there are plans to raise the PEM limits to half the standards in force in other EU countries.
  • the need to simplify, and shorten time limits for, the administrative process for the construction and modernisation of base stations.
  • Removal of prohibitions and restrictions on the location and use of base stations in parks and health resorts;
  • Legal and financial limitations related to the construction law and the law on public roads (e.g. the problem of fee rates for occupation of a road lane).
  • The removal of some of the barriers is the purpose of the draft law dated December 2018 amending the so-called Mega Law (i.e. the act on supporting the development of telecommunications services and networks).

Which telcos and communications players are launching 5G services?

Major telcos in Poland – Orange Polska, T-Mobile Poland, P4/Play, Polkomtel/Plus – and others such as Emitel, Ericsson, Netia, Exatel. Some of these companies have formed an “Agreement in favour of the 5G Strategy for Poland”, together with public sector entities and universities (more information available, only in Polish, here).

Are there any public tenders for spectrum licences?

No. But in April 2019 the Office of Electronic Communications (UKE), after public consultations, published preparation materials for the public tender for the the frequency 3600-3800 MHz (available only in Polish).

What are the conditions?

Only some preliminary assumptions were announced without any precise conditions.

Has there been any comment on when there might be?


What has the government said regarding spectrum licences for commercial use?

The Ministry of Digitisation is taking action to increase the efficiency of radio spectrum management and to improve the way in which the radio spectrum is allocated by auction and tender. Additionally, in the “5G Strategy for Poland” it indicated that a transparent and flexible legal framework regulating the use of and access to the radio spectrum is crucial to support the timely implementation of the 5G network. It also stressed Poland’s willingness to actively engage in international radio spectrum harmonisation activities.

Are the rules for 5G already drafted, and if so, what do they say?

The draft law amending the Act on supporting the development of telecommunications networks and services, which dates back to December 2018, amends numerous regulations, including the Telecommunications Act, the Construction Law and the Law on Public Roads. The Telecommunications Act proposes the introduction of new definitions, such as “next-generation network” and “smart city”.

The government draft of a law amending the Act on supporting the development of telecommunications networks and services was submitted to the Polish Parliament (Sejm) on 27 May 2019 (available, only in Polish, here).

What are or would be the rules for granting competitors access to the new 5G networks, once they are deployed?

No clear information at present.