The employer may not give notice of termination during a ‘protection period’ (i.e. where an employee is temporarily unfit for work, a night-shift employee is temporarily unfit to perform night work, an employee is conscripted or released from work to exercise a public office, or during pregnancy, maternity or parental leave), unless the termination is for organisational reasons due to the closure or relocation of the enterprise. There are several exceptions to this rule.
The employer may not terminate employment, or in any other way put an employee in a disadvantageous position because of his status or activities as an employees’ representative, trade union member, or because of his participation in trade union activities.
The employer may not terminate a contract of unfixed duration under any circumstances if the employee is pregnant, on maternity leave, or on leave nursing or taking special care of a child.