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Employee representation and co-determination rights in Europe


In the EU, collective labour law covers:

  • Collective bargaining law.
  • Industrial action law.
  • The law concerning the right to form employee representative bodies.

At EC level, collective labour law is undeveloped compared to individual employment law at EC level. In addition to the historical differences between the member states, there is a lack of a legal basis on which collective labour law can be developed further at EC level, such as the law regarding collective bargaining agreements (CBAs), unions and strikes. However, there are certain common factors within the law of most of the member states, especially in comparison to the US.

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