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CMS Guide to Anti-Bribery and Corruption Laws

June 2018

We are delighted to present the fifth edition of the CMS Guide to Anti-Bribery and Corruption Laws.

This edition of the Guide covers more countries than ever before, assessing the laws in 42 countries. We include full coverage of the BRIC nations, as well as increased coverage in Asia (China, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia), the Middle East (the UAE, Saudi Arabia and Oman) and South America (Brazil, Mexico, Chile and Colombia).

Since the last edition was published in 2016, there have been significant changes to the global anti-corruption landscape. Many of the countries covered in the following pages have updated, strengthened and widened the scope of their anti-corruption laws. Only 10 countries who were covered in the last edition have made no changes at all. For example, the introduction of the Sapin II Law in France aims to bring French anticorruption legislation in line with international standards in the fight against corruption. The new French law includes the creation of a new anti-corruption agency (Agence française anticorruption), and obliges companies with at least 500 employees and a turnover exceeding EUR 100m to implement a programme to prevent and detect corruption. In a further example, Australia’s Criminal Code Act 1995 (Cth) is expected to be amended by the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Combatting Corporate Crime) Bill 2017 (Cth), which will introduce a new strict corporate liability offence for bribery of foreign officials conducted by its associates for the profit or gain of the company, even if the conduct occurred outside of the jurisdiction. The Australian chapter is prepared on the basis that the Bill is enacted into law later this summer.

The majority of countries provide for private sector bribery offences, with only 11 having offences that only apply to bribing public sector officials. Almost all countries recognise the concept of corporate liability for bribery (with the exception of Bulgaria and Oman, where only individuals can be prosecuted), albeit that in five jurisdictions only civil or administrative penalties can be applied to corporates (Brazil, Colombia, Germany, Hungary and Mexico). Five countries (Australia, Chile, Italy, Switzerland and the UK) now provide for a specific corporate offence whereby a corporate will be criminally liable for failure to prevent representatives committing bribery on its behalf.  This shows the global trend to hold corporates to account for their employees’ actions and a shift in attitudes towards corporate responsibility.

As with previous editions, in this Guide we provide answers to the following key questions for each of the 42 countries: 

  • what are the offences?
  • who can be liable and when?
  • what are the penalties?
  • what are the defences?

We hope you find the Guide useful. 

We wish to thank all those who have contributed to this Guide. We would also particularly like to thank contributors from:

  • Khaitan & Co., the leading Indian law firm with offices in Mumbai, New Delhi, Kolkata and Bangalore, for their continued contribution to the Guide.
  • Rajah & Tann Asia (a transnational law firm, with offices across Asia) for contributing chapters on Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia.
  • Corrs Chambers Westgarth, Australia’s leading law firm, for contributing the chapter on Australia.
  • Feras Al Shawaf, CMS’ partner firm in Saudi Arabia, for contributing the chapter on Saudi Arabia – one of nine new countries added to this edition of the Guide.

Contact details of all our key contributors are at the back of the Guide. Please do not hesitate to contact them with any questions you may have.

出版物
CMS Guide to Anti-Bribery and Corruption Laws 2018
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作者

Picture of Nick Beckett
贝 宁科
管理合伙人
北京
Picture of Ulrike Glueck
邬 丽福, 博士
管理合伙人
上海
Picture of Mirko Daidone
Mirko Daidone
合伙人
Tirana
Edita Poro
Edita Poro
顾问
Tirana
Picture of Jean-François Goffin
Jean-François Goffin
合伙人
Brussels
Grégory de Sauvage
资深顾问
Brussels
Picture of Atanas Bangachev
Atanas Bangachev
合伙人
Sofia
Picture of Nedzida Salihovic-Whalen
Nedžida Salihović-Whalen
合伙人
Sarajevo
Picture of Indir Osmic
Indir Osmić
Attorney-at-Law
Sarajevo
Rodrigo Campero T.
Rodrigo Campero, LL.M.
合伙人
Santiago
Picture of Peter Huber
Peter Huber
合伙人
Vienna
Picture of Ted Rhodes
Ted Rhodes
合伙人
Rio de Janeiro
Image of Rita Zanforlin
Rita Zanforlin
资深顾问
Rio de Janeiro
Sergio Rodríguez-Azuero
Sergio Rodríguez-Azuero
高级合作伙伴
Bogotá
Daniel Rodríguez
Daniel Rodríguez, LL.M.
合伙人
Bogotá
Picture of Stephanie de Giovanni
Stéphanie de Giovanni
顾问
Paris
Picture of Véronique Buneau-Bayard
Véronique Bruneau-Bayard
顾问
Paris
Picture of Zsolt Okanyi
Dr. Zsolt Okányi
合伙人
Budapest
Jozsef Kohl
József Kohl
顾问
Budapest
Markus Schöner
Dr. Markus Schöner, M.Jur. (Oxford)
合伙人
Hamburg
Harald W Potinecke
Dr. Harald W Potinecke
合伙人
Munich
Florian Block
Florian Block
合伙人
Munich
Picture of Tomas Matejovsky
Tomáš Matĕjovský
合伙人
Prague
Image of Petr Benes
Petr Beneš
资深顾问
Prague
Picture of Emilio Battaglia
Emilio Battaglia
合伙人
Rome
The picture of Olivier Marquet
Olivier Marquet
Managing Partner
Monaco
Picture of Arkadiusz Korzeniewski
Arkadiusz Korzeniewski
合伙人
Warsaw
Picture of Maciej Kopczynski
Maciej Kopczynski
资深顾问
Warsaw
Mariusz Minkiewicz
Mariusz Minkiewicz
顾问
Warsaw
Piture of Leonard Bohmer
Leonard Böhmer
合伙人
Utrecht
Picture of Ben Ewing
Ben Ewing
合伙人
Muscat
Picture of Vanessa Cisneros
Vanessa Cisneros
合伙人
Lima
Picture of Carolina Cueva
Carolina Cueva
顾问
Lima
Joaquim Shearman de Macedo
合伙人
Lisbon
Picture of Andrea Baptista
Andrea Baptista
顾问
Lisbon
Petra Corba Stark
Petra Čorba Stark
合伙人
Bratislava
Picture of Peter Simo
Peter Šimo
管理合伙人
Bratislava (CMS RRH)
Picture of Gabriel Sidere
Gabriel Sidere
管理合伙人
Bucharest
Picture of Horia Draghici
Horia Draghici
合伙人
Bucharest
Luka Fabiani
合伙人
Ljubljana
Picture of Maja Pukl
Maja Pukl
顾问
Ljubljana
Maja-Zgajnar-CMS-AT
Maja Zgajnar
合伙人
Ljubljana
Lakshanthi Fernando
Singapore
Mun Yi Lee
Mun Yi Lee
资深顾问
Singapore
Photo of Bernhard Lötscher
Bernhard Lötscher
合伙人
Zurich
Picture of Aline Wey
Aline Wey Speirs, LL.M.
顾问
Zurich
Picture of Olexander Martinenko
Olexander Martinenko
首席合伙人
Kyiv (Volodymyrska Street)
Maria-Orlyk-CMS-UA
Maria Orlyk
合伙人
Kyiv (Instytutska Street)
Picture of Omar Qureshi
Omar Qureshi
合伙人
London
Amy Wilkinson
Amy Wilkinson
资深顾问
London
Alican Babalioglu
Alican Babalioglu
合伙人
Istanbul
Picture of John O'connor
John O'Connor
Co-Managing Partner
Dubai
Picture of Harkee Wilson
Harkee Wilson
Legal Director
Dubai
Image of Hassan Khalife
Hassan Khalife
助理合伙人/顾问
Dubai
Jessica Foley
Jessica Foley
顾问
London
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