Modern consumer societies generate significant amounts of waste. The development and implementation of concepts for the treatment of this waste is a central task of infrastructure policy for them.
When, in the 1990s, the first Western European companies began to seriously grapple with issues of waste management and waste reduction, Eastern Europe passed through the state of upheaval. The socialist economic model clashed; the western model started its way to establishment, and the amount of waste promptly increased, albeit without being managed. Waste was simply dumped.
As time progressed, an awareness of the problem has arisen in the Eastern Europe as well. The need for the systematic management of waste is acknowledged everywhere, not least because of pressure from social groups who use protests to point out existing problems and failures. The possible solutions are diverse. In some cases, EU requirements are being implemented and transposed into national law; in some cases, independent concepts are being developed. Russia, for example, has launched a comprehensive and ambitious waste reform.
What all the concepts have in common is that they create a considerable need for investment. When waste is no longer simply dumped, it has to be separated, recycled, processed or destroyed. The techniques required for this often have to be purchased abroad. In many cases, the know-how for the operation of disposal concepts is not available locally either. In this respect, there are many opportunities for western companies in the industry to get involved.