The latest CMS Emerging Europe M&A report, published in cooperation with EMIS, shows that the UK was the largest foreign investor in emerging Europe by value (EUR 9.77bn), and the USA by volume (89 deals), in 2018.
This marks a shift from 2017, when China dominated the table by value, owing in large part to the $9bn CEFC China Energy-Rosneft deal. Without the presence of this Chinese megadeal, China slipped down the table to fifth place by foreign investors in 2018. Overall, cross-border deals were up 20.1% by value to EUR 53.4bn while domestic deals remained stable at EUR 27.1bn.
Key findings Emerging Europe M&A report
- Deal value across emerging Europe grew 12.5% in 2018 fuelled by string of 'megadeals'
- Telecoms & IT sector claimed four of the region’s ten largest deals and topped deal table by value
- Real Estate was region’s most active sector (432 deals), up 10.8% from 2017
- Private equity flourished in 2018 with total number of deals rising by 15%. Sector claimed five deals at or above EUR 1bn
- Russia enjoyed largest number of deals (605), followed by Poland (323) and Turkey (193)
- Albania achieved the highest year-to-year growth, up 1054.5% on deal value and 300% on deal volume, followed by Serbia up 737% on deal value and 40% on deal volume
Helen Rodwell, Partner in the CEE Corporate Practice, CMS, comments: “M&A activity has been surprisingly buoyant. Markets have reached a size and level of sophistication that makes them more aligned to western European expectations and standards and that is reflected in interest from international investors including private equity funds and corporates.”
Another solid year for emerging Europe
Strong economic growth across emerging Europe combined with a stable international economy for most of the year created a conducive environment for deal making in 2018. While overall deal numbers were slightly lower than 2017 (down 0.9%), a handful of megadeals such as Vodafone’s EUR 6.07bn purchase of Liberty Global’s CEE operations, pushed values to EUR 80.5bn, the second highest level in the past five years.
Radivoje Petrikić, Partner, CEE Corporate Practice, CMS: “There is a lot of potential for growth and development in the Balkans which is why it is attracting interest from international investors. The challenge for them is the availability of the right targets.”
As the largest economy, Russia enjoyed the biggest number of deals (605), but that was 10% down on the previous year and the lowest since this report was first published in 2012, reflecting sluggish growth, estimated at 1.7% by the IMF.
Stefan Stoyanov, Global Head of M&A Database, EMIS: “Once the uncertainty around Brexit is resolved, there could be some uptick in M&A as investment plans put on hold are likely to resume. Free capital at PE and pension funds will not sit idle for long and although the general feeling is that the region might be turning a bit more volatile than before, the challenges will surely also create opportunities for those quick to adapt and with deep pockets.”
Poland second most active country
Poland was the second most active country in the region, with 323 deals in 2018. Almost a quarter of those were in the Real Estate & Construction sector, with Poland claiming seven of the 20 biggest property deals in the region including the Wars Sawa Junior shopping centre, bought by Atrium European Real Estate of Austria for EUR 301.5m. Despite a cooling down from the boom years, Romania remains one of the fastest growing economies according to recent IMF data. It experienced a significant rise in M&A deal value (73%) in 2018, thanks to a surge in telecoms sector activity, as did Hungary which saw a 70.5% rise in deal value. This is despite deal volumes dipping in both countries in 2018.
Elsewhere, Serbia, Slovakia and Slovenia were seen as the region’s rising stars, enjoying strong growth and a busy period for M&A. Notably, Serbia saw deal numbers and values jump to record highs, claiming such deals as the sale of a stake in RTB mining to Zijn of China for EUR 1.3bn and the privatisation of Nikola Tesla airport.