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Discover thought leadership and legal insights by our legal experts from across CMS. In our Expert Guides, written by CMS lawyers from across the jurisdictions where we operate, we provide you with in-depth legal research and insights that can be read both online and offline. You can also find Law-Now articles with focused legal analysis, commentary and insights to help you anticipate future challenges and much more.



Media type
Expertise
28/09/2022
CMS Green Globe
Stay in­formed about the latest sus­tain­ab­il­ity claims trends and de­vel­op­ments CMS Green Globe is an in­ter­act­ive plat­form that al­lows busi­nesses and cli­ents to stay aware and duly in­formed about all the main rap­idly chan­ging trends and de­vel­op­ments re­lated to sus­tain­ab­il­ity claims across the world.Here you will find in­form­a­tion on reg­u­la­tion and de­vel­op­ments you need to know when ad­vert­ising and mar­ket­ing your busi­ness or product by us­ing sus­tain­ab­il­ity claims as well as our key ex­perts to sup­port you in nav­ig­at­ing the world of such claims.CMS Green Globe helps you to avoid gre­en­wash­ing your con­sumer in your jur­is­dic­tion as well as across the globe. Dis­cov­er CMS Green Globe Best ex­plored on desktop
30/06/2022
Hand­ling the new EU and UK sanc­tions against Rus­sia
Latest up­date: 29 June 2022
28/06/2022
Tech­no­logy Trans­form­a­tion: Man­aging Risks in a Chan­ging Land­scape
Chan­ging tech, chan­ging risks
01/06/2022
Set­ting up a sus­tain­able ESG data col­lec­tion sys­tem
At centre stage: Epis­ode #6
01/06/2022
CMS Next
What’s next? In a world of ever-ac­cel­er­at­ing change, stay­ing ahead of the curve and know­ing what’s next for your busi­ness or sec­tor is es­sen­tial.At CMS, we see ourselves not only as your leg­al ad­visers but also as your busi­ness part­ners. We work to­geth­er with you to not only re­solve cur­rent is­sues but to an­ti­cip­ate fu­ture chal­lenges and in­nov­ate to meet them.With our latest pub­lic­a­tion, CMS Next, our ex­perts will reg­u­larly of­fer you in­sights in­to and fresh per­spect­ives on a range of is­sues that busi­nesses have to deal with – from ESG agen­das to re­struc­tur­ing after the pan­dem­ic or fa­cing the di­git­al trans­form­a­tion. We will also share with you more about the work that we are do­ing for our cli­ents, help­ing them in­nov­ate, grow and mit­ig­ate risk.To be able to provide you with the best sup­port, we im­merse ourselves in your world to un­der­stand your leg­al needs and chal­lenges. However, it is equally im­port­ant that you know who we are and how we can work with you. So, we in­vite you to meet our ex­perts and catch a glimpse of what is hap­pen­ing in­side CMS.En­joy read­ing this pub­lic­a­tion, which we will up­date reg­u­larly with new con­tent.CMS Ex­ec­ut­ive Team
31/05/2022
GDPR En­force­ment Track­er Re­port
What a year for GDPR en­force­ment: 2021/2022 saw vari­ous land­mark cases in­clud­ing: a new re­cord fine of EUR 743 mil­lion; the total amount of all fines since May 2018 ex­ceed­ing the EUR 1 bil­lion mark in sum­mer 2021; and the total num­ber of cases passing 1,000 in early 2022. Land­mark cases were widely re­por­ted, ob­vi­ously draw­ing a lot of pub­lic at­ten­tion and in­creas­ing over­all aware­ness for data pro­tec­tion law. However, there is a GDPR en­force­ment real­ity bey­ond re­cord fines and it may be worth tak­ing a closer look: fo­cus­sing solely on severe fines could lead to fear and even re­luct­ance or ig­nor­ance on com­pli­ance is­sues.We still be­lieve that facts are bet­ter than fear.Our con­tinu­ously up­dated list of pub­licly known GDPR fines in the GDPR En­force­ment Track­er is our 24/7 rem­edy against fear: in con­trast, the an­nu­al GDPR En­force­ment Track­er Re­port (“ET Re­port”) is our deep dive ap­proach and per­mits great­er in­sight in­to the world of GDPR fines.
13/04/2022
Slov­e­nia: Spin-off Com­pany Li­able for Claims of Un­trans­ferred Em­ploy­ees?
Pic­ture a situ­ation where a com­pany di­vests a part of its busi­ness to cre­ate a new com­pany. Em­ploy­ees are trans­ferred to the spin-off com­pany too. Based on Art­icle 75 of the Em­ploy­ment Re­la­tion­ship Act (ZDR-1), the pro­vi­sions on the trans­fer of an un­der­tak­ing (change of em­ploy­er) then ap­ply. The art­icle gov­erns the joint and sev­er­al li­ab­il­ity of both the trans­fer­or and trans­fer­ee com­pany; how­ever, it lim­its li­ab­il­ity solely to the claims of em­ploy­ees who were ac­tu­ally trans­ferred.
31/03/2022
The im­pacts of lib­er­al­ising Slov­e­nia’s Gambling Mar­ket
At centre stage: Epis­ode #5
24/03/2022
CMS European M&A Study 2022
The CMS Cor­por­ate/M&A Group is pleased to launch the four­teenth edi­tion of the European M&A Study
11/03/2022
CMS In­ter­na­tion­al Wo­men's Day
The aim of this year's event is to cel­eb­rate the achieve­ments of wo­men and show how wo­men's lead­er­ship is sup­por­ted by mod­ern or­gan­isa­tions and helps them thrive.Mod­er­ated dis­cus­sion by Döne Yalçın with our guest speak­ers:Maimuna Moss­er, Coun­try Com­mer­cial Man­ager, IKEA Aus­tria Gmb­H­Heike Mensi-Klar­bach, Head of Group People and Or­gan­isa­tion­al In­nov­a­tion bei Raif­feis­en Bank In­ter­na­tion­al AGLamia Fakhr, Cor­por­ate Af­fairs Dir­ect­or, MEN­AT, Kel­logg Com­pany of Great Bri­tain Ltd.
31/01/2022
Time for trans­ition: En­ergy M&A 2022
While world lead­ers have been gath­er­ing for COP meet­ings for dec­ades, what made COP26 per­haps par­tic­u­larly not­able is that the private sec­tor also gathered in force, and with a com­mit­ment and de­term­in­a­tion to be a key driver in the de­car­bon­isa­tion of the world’s eco­nom­ies.  In pre­vi­ous years, there have been mur­mur­ings from vari­ous cor­por­ates that to make so­cial or en­vir­on­ment­ally driv­en in­vest­ment de­cisions may not align with their fi­du­ciary duty to act in the in­terests of share­hold­ers. As share­hold­er act­iv­ism has driv­en the de­bate in­to board­rooms from above, this at­ti­tude is rap­idly re­vers­ing dir­ec­tion. While re­turns are gen­er­ally seen as lower in the clean sec­tor com­pared to, say, the oil & gas sec­tor, be­ing in­ves­ted in the green trans­ition is in­creas­ingly seen as a key route to pre­serving and pro­tect­ing share­hold­er value. At the same time, vol­un­tary and man­dat­ory cli­mate re­lated dis­clos­ures are align­ing the drivers for in­vestors across the board so that cap­it­al is in­creas­ingly driv­en by the met­rics they pro­duce.  This is be­ing re­flec­ted in, among oth­er things, the plum­met­ing cost of cap­it­al for green in­vest­ments. At the same time high car­bon in­tens­ive in­vest­ments, such as coal based pro­jects and busi­nesses, are strug­gling to se­cure fund­ing, with many fa­cing in­solv­ency. In­vest­ments in the en­ergy trans­ition, a key part of the green trans­ition, will prin­cip­ally take the form of M&A. The out­come of COP26 and the mo­mentum it has gen­er­ated means that European deal­makers in the en­ergy sec­tor will be even busier in 2022. Europe leads the world in the en­ergy trans­ition and the race to net zero is driv­ing near-re­cord levels of deal­mak­ing – not­ably in wind and sol­ar photo­vol­ta­ic gen­er­a­tion.At the same time, the en­ergy trans­ition is both ex­pand­ing and frag­ment­ing the en­ergy sec­tor. For many, it has tra­di­tion­ally been fo­cused on en­ergy gen­er­a­tion. The trans­ition is bring­ing to the fore less vis­ible tech­no­lo­gies. Everything from tra­di­tion­al hy­dro­power to grid-scale bat­ter­ies, elec­tri­fic­a­tion of trans­port and hy­dro­gen. It is also bring­ing in­to the mix sec­tors that have not tra­di­tion­ally been fo­cused on en­ergy, such as in­dus­tri­al de­car­bon­isa­tion, ship­ping and min­ing for the nat­ur­al re­sources needed for the en­ergy trans­ition. In par­al­lel with this, there is a huge and grow­ing story around en­ergy trans­mis­sion and dis­tri­bu­tion. Elec­tri­city net­works will need to ex­pand massively to fa­cil­it­ate elec­tri­fic­a­tion and new tech­no­lo­gies. They are also be­com­ing smarter with the use of di­git­al tech­no­logy to op­tim­ise the way power is dis­trib­uted, traded and con­sumed. Fur­ther, new types of net­works may provide in­vest­ment op­por­tun­it­ies for those look­ing for stable long term as­sets, such as hy­dro­gen and car­bon net­works.Against this back­ground, tra­di­tion­al fossil fuel-based play­ers are de­car­bon­ising their op­er­a­tions. For the oil and gas ma­jors, this means ac­quir­ing or sig­ni­fic­antly en­han­cing their cap­ab­il­it­ies in re­new­ables, in­clud­ing wind, sol­ar and hy­dro­gen, while sim­ul­tan­eously di­vest­ing se­lec­ted car­bon-in­tens­ive as­sets in re­sponse to mount­ing ESG pres­sures. This may be one of the reas­ons why 50% of re­spond­ents in our study point to dis­tress-driv­en deals as a top sell-side driver.Change is en­dem­ic in the en­ergy sec­tor, but the cur­rent trans­ition makes the years since lib­er­al­isa­tion of en­ergy mar­kets in the late 1980s seem al­most steady-state in com­par­is­on. Des­pite the mo­mentum and push for cap­it­al to be in­ves­ted in the en­ergy trans­ition, there re­main obstacles, not least the lim­ited pipeline of good qual­ity in­vest­ment op­por­tun­it­ies, con­tinu­ing con­cerns over lock­downs and COV­ID-19 vari­ants, fin­an­cing dif­fi­culties arising from po­ten­tially un­stable long term rev­en­ue streams and di­min­ish­ing rates of re­turn. Not­with­stand­ing these chal­lenges, our study finds that en­ergy sec­tor M&A will in­creas­ingly be an en­gine driv­ing cap­it­al in­to pro­pos­i­tions that match so­cial and polit­ic­al am­bi­tions for the green trans­ition. Key find­ings  En­ergy re­mains a premi­um as­set class for most in­sti­tu­tion­al in­vestors, with its per­form­ance dur­ing the pan­dem­ic and im­petus from COP26 fur­ther en­han­cing its at­tract­ive­ness75% of en­ergy com­pan­ies are con­sid­er­ing an ac­quis­i­tion and/or di­vest­ment in 2022Along­side premi­um as­sets, in some sub­sect­ors there are un­der­val­ued tar­gets driv­ing buy-side activ­ity, with sellers shed­ding dis­tressed as­sets as the sec­tor shifts in re­sponse to the en­ergy trans­ition45% think COV­ID-19 will be a ma­jor M&A obstacle in 2022, but this re­mains a flu­id situ­ation that can change rap­idly
27/01/2022
Emer­ging Europe M&A Re­port 2021/2022
Fol­low­ing glob­al trends, the M&A mar­ket in emer­ging Europe surged in 2021— more money was spent on ac­quis­i­tions and in­vest­ments than in any of the pre­vi­ous sev­en years. After a re­l­at­ively poor show­ing in 2020, trans­ac­tion volume also bounced back to pre-pan­dem­ic levels. Not only did dir­ect ac­quis­i­tions and in­vest­ments fare well, but stock mar­ket list­ings also reached un­pre­ced­en­ted levels. Has the M&A mar­ket in emer­ging Europe scaled new heights?Wel­come to the 2021/22 edi­tion of the Emer­ging Europe re­port.