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Discover thought leadership and legal insights by our legal experts from across CMS. In our Expert Guides, written by CMS lawyers from across the jurisdictions where we operate, we provide you with in-depth legal research and insights that can be read both online and offline. You can also find Law-Now articles with focused legal analysis, commentary and insights to help you anticipate future challenges and much more.

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Lusophone Africa Snapshot
We reached the midpoint of the year with the feeling that everything flew by, but the Lusophone Africa Snapshot, created by the Lusophone Africa Team, is always on time. In this edition, CMS Portugal...
CMS - Where to find us
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Auction of renewable gases (hydrogen and biomethane)
The Order no. 5971-A/2024 was published yesterday, establishing the opening of the competitive procedure, in the form of an electronic auction, for the centralized purchase of biomethane and hydrogen...
Looking ahead to the EU AI Act
Introduction On 21 May 2024, the Council of the European Union adopted the Regulation laying down harmonised rules on artificial intelligence” (the so-called AI Act). As the world's first comprehensive law to regulate artificial intelligence, the AI Act aims to establish uniform requirements for the development and use of artificial intelligence in the European Union. Following the European Parliament's adoption of the draft on 13 March 2024, the AI Act has now been formally adopted . Once signed by the Presidents of the European Parliament and the Council, the Regulation will be published in the Official Journal of the EU and will enter into force twenty days after its publication. With this adoption of the world’s most significant legislation on Artificial Intelligence, the EU is solidifying its position as a pioneer among global legislators. This initiative aims to establish and reinforce the EU’s role as a premier hub for AI while ensuring that AI development remains focused on human-centered and trustworthy principles. After a long and complex journey that began in 2021 with the European Commission’s proposal of a draft AI Act, this new regulation is expected to be passed into law in June 2024. The AI Act aims to ensure that the marketing and use of AI systems and their outputs in the EU are consistent with fundamental rights under EU law, such as privacy, democracy, the rule of law and environmental sustainability. Adopting a dual approach, it outright prohibits AI systems deemed to pose unacceptable risks while imposing regulatory obligations on other AI systems and their outputs. The new regulation, which also aims to strike a fair balance between innovation and the protection of individuals, not only makes Europe a world leader in the regulation of this new technology, but also endeavours to create a legal framework that users of AI technologies will be able to comply with in order to make the most of this significant development opportunity. In this article we provide a first overview of the key points contained in the text of the AI Act that companies should be aware of in order to prepare for the implementing regulation.
Lusophone Africa Snapshot
The May edition of Snapshot, prepared by CMS Portugal's Lusophone Africa team in collaboration with CMS LBR, is now available. This month, the focus is on the importance of investment in the transport...
GDPR Enforcement Tracker Report
The CMS Data Protection Group is pleased to launch the 5th edition In the six years since the GDPR came into force, this powerful framework to protect personal data has certainly helped to raise awareness and encourage compliance efforts – just as the European legislator intended. At the same time, the risk of fines of up to EUR 20 million or 4% of a company’s global annual turnover can also lead to fear and reluctance or ignorance about compliance issues. We still believe that facts are better than fear. This is why we continuously update our list of publicly known fines in the GDPR Enforcement Tracker and established the GDPR Enforcement Tracker Report as an annual deep dive approach to provide you with more insights into the world of GDPR fines.
Angola Law on the prohibition of mining of cryptocurrencies and other virtual...
The Legal Framework for the Prohibition of Crypto­cur­rency1 Min­ing and Other Virtual Assets was recently published by Law No. 3/24 of 10 April 2024. Below we highlight the main aspects of this new legal...
CMS TMC/IP Insight
The third edition of the CMS TMC/IP Insight Newsletter, from CMS Portugal's Technology, Media & Communications and Intellectual Property teams, is now available, with a feature article not to be missed...
Lusophone Africa Snapshot
The April edition of Snapshot, produced by CMS Portugal's Lusophone Africa team, is now available with the business news and legal news with the greatest impact in Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique...
New Labour Procedure Code in Angola
Angola's Labour Procedure Code ("CPT") was recently approved by Law no. 2/24 of 19 March 2024. Below we highlighted some of the main changes introduced by the new CPT: 1. Definition of the principles...
Proposal for the Exceptional Setting of Electricity Tariffs
The proposal for the exceptional setting of electricity tariffs was published on April 17th. Given the discrepancy between the energy prices recorded in MIBEL in the first quarter of 2024 and those forecast...
CESE levy on owners of renewable energy power plants ruled un­con­sti­tu­tion­al...
On April 23, 2024, the Constitutional Court handed down Decision No. 338/2024, in which it ruled that the provision contained in Article 2(b) of the legal regime for the Extraordinary Contribution on...