State Aid

Back to Competition & European Union

What is State aid?

State aid is a highly technical area of EU law and has generated a wide range of evolving case law. Compliance with State aid rules is therefore an issue in any public intervention that involves State resources. State aid issues are usually quite complex, requiring a high level of expertise, in-depth knowledge and pragmatism.

CMS Lawyers: World-class State aid specialists

CMS has a dedicated team of legal specialists to advise on State aid-related matters. Our State aid specialist lawyers take a thorough approach to legal detail and can also stand back and take a wider view to deliver the best results.

Our experience covers all aspects of State aid:

  • fiscal incentives
  • rescue and restructuring aid
  • aid for infrastructures
  • services of general economic interest
  • regional aid
  • RDI aid
  • aid for environmental
  • aid for energy, etc. 

State Aid Law: Our Services

CMS lawyers represent both public authorities and private companies on all aspects of the State aid rules. This includes: 

  • Legal assessment of the existence of an aid and its compatibility 
  • Set up of aid schemes
  • Assistance to public authorities in the notification of State aid
  • Assistance to public authorities or beneficiaries in State aid investigations by the European Commission Drafting and lodging complaints before the European Commission 
  • Litigation before national and EU Courts 

CMS State aid specialists have particular expertise in following industry sectors: 

  • Air, maritime and rail transport sectors 
  • Energy
  • Financial Services 
  • Postal sector 
  • Telecoms 
  • Multifunctional and sport infrastructure 
  • Manufacturing 

Well advised with CMS - nationally and internationally

The CMS State Aid Practice Area Group comprises 40 State aid law specialists practicing State aid law in 17 jurisdictions being located in 20 cities in Europe and beyond – all committed to assist you. 

Find your local contact person in our brochure CMS State Aid Group.


GCR Know-how - State Aid: Bel­gi­um
State aid ex­pert, An­na­belle Lepièce, provides an­swers to leg­al ques­tions about State aid in this Q&A by GCR (Glob­al Com­pet­i­tion Re­view).Read the Q&A here
COV­ID-19: how to sup­port com­pan­ies un­der State aid rules?
Or­gan­ised in col­lab­or­a­tion with AmCham Bel­gi­um:me­di­um­AmCham Bel­gi­um and CMS are de­lighted to in­vite you to an ex­clus­ive we­bin­ar on pub­lic sup­port to com­pan­ies brought to you by An­na­belle Lepièce and...
We­bin­ar re­cord­ings - Cov­id-19 (Coronavir­us) in Bel­gi­um
Watch the re­cord­ings of we­binars where our spe­cial­ists tackle some im­port­ant as­pects and prac­tic­al steps that busi­nesses should take in­to con­sid­er­a­tion in light of the COV­ID-19 (coronavir­us) out­break. ...
COV­ID-19: EU green light to French aid scheme for its air­lines
The European Com­mis­sion ap­proved on 31 March 2020 the French scheme de­fer­ring the pay­ment by air­lines of cer­tain aero­naut­ic­al taxes (the civil avi­ation tax as well as the solid­ar­ity tax) in or­der to mit­ig­ate...
CMS We­bin­ar Series - Cov­id-19 (Coronavir­us) in Bel­gi­um – Key Con­sid­er­a­tions...
The re­cent rise of Cov­id-19 (Coronavir­us) re­ceives a lot of at­ten­tion and an in­creas­ing worry world­wide. It has caused gov­ern­ments all around the world to take pro­ceed­ings, such as isol­at­ing cer­tain cit­ies...