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Infrastructure & Projects

Bulgaria

As a sponsor, lender or public sector organisation, you require legal advisors who can help you succeed in complex infrastructure and project financing transactions. Whether you are involved in public works programmes or private sector financing in the areas of transport, health, education, waste, energy, defence, IT/telecoms, leisure, custodial & justice, ports, rail, roads or water, you can depend on the leading lawyers in major infrastructure projects and related project financing throughout the world.  In Central and Eastern Europe, CMS has valuable experience of the successful procurement and implementation of infrastructure projects, including providing key advice on procurement, project documents and financing strategy. 

We have delivered deals in a range of sectors with a combined value of several billion euro, advising on public private partnerships, energy and renewables projects, including the largest offshore wind farms in Europe, infrastructure and utilities investments and a range of other development and corporate finance transactions. If you are an investor selling or buying an interest in a concession, a utility business or a PPP deal, you need expert guidance through the complex bidding process. Our lawyers have helped shape transactions across these sectors, ensuring quick deal completions on terms that optimise your returns. And if you are facing a potential dispute, we have the experts to support you through dispute resolution procedures or litigation action. Whatever your situation, we have the track record and the people to help. With over 200 lawyers working in this sector, we can support your transaction in virtually any part of the world including the UK, Central and Eastern Europe, Western Europe, the Middle East, Turkey, India, Africa, Asia and the Americas.  

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8 October 2020
Ex­CEEd­ing Bor­ders: In­dus­tri­al & Lo­gist­ics Mar­ket in CEE-17
The I&L sec­tor in the CEE-171 has be­come one of the most sought-after as­set types since 2019, after Of­fices and Res­id­en­tial ac­cord­ing to Col­li­ers In­ter­na­tion­al, CMS and Rand­stad “Ex­CEEd­ing Bor­ders:...
07 October 2020
CMS Ex­pert Guide to I&L In­vest­ment In­cent­ives in CEE-17
This Ex­pert Guide is part of Ex­CEEd­ing Bor­ders 2020 Re­port CMS and So­rain­en have provided a coun­try-by-coun­try guide to un­der­stand­ing and com­par­ing what in­cent­ives are po­ten­tially avail­able to In­dus­tri­al&Lo­gist­ics...
Comparable
14 January 2021
The rise of the glob­al ex­pert ser­vices prac­tice: Court of Ap­peal guid­ance...
A Court of Ap­peal de­cision earli­er this week has up­held an in­junc­tion gran­ted by the TCC pre­vent­ing an in­ter­na­tion­al ex­pert ser­vices firm from act­ing for more than one party to an in­ter­na­tion­al con­struc­tion...
07 October 2020
Ex­CEEd­ing Bor­ders
Col­li­ers In­ter­na­tion­al­Luke Dawson - Man­aging Dir­ect­or & Head of Cap­it­al Mar­kets, CEEThe In­dus­tri­al&Lo­gist­ics (I&L) prop­erty sec­tor has ris­en out of the shad­ows over the last few years to be­come one of the most dy­nam­ic and stra­tegic­ally im­port­ant sec­tors in our eco­nom­ies and the com­mer­cial real es­tate sec­tor, on a glob­al basis. The I&L sec­tor is by no means a new kid on the block and for people out­side of this in­dustry, it may well largely go un­noticed as products and ser­vices are seem­ingly ma­gic­ally pro­duced and ap­pear in shops and on our door­steps. Be­hind the scenes, there is of course a gi­gant­ic sec­tor made up of man­u­fac­tur­ers, sup­pli­ers, re­tail­ers, 3PLs, dis­trib­ut­ors, stor­age and sup­ply chain com­pan­ies to name just a few, and they lit­er­ally touch any busi­ness or in­dustry sec­tor that you can pos­sibly ima­gine. In ad­di­tion to that, there are sev­er­al highly ex­per­i­enced, glob­al, re­gion­al and loc­al in­vestors and de­velopers that provide the li­on’s share of the prop­er­ties to make all this pos­sible.In this re­port, we look at how the I&L sec­tor has de­veloped in the geo­graph­ic­ally and macro-eco­nom­ic­ally stra­tegic re­gion of Cent­ral&East­ern Europe (CEE). We will also touch on some of the trends fa­cing the sec­tor, both from a prop­erty point of view, as well as from oc­cu­pi­er and con­sumer led stand­points. To­geth­er with our part­ners, we also provide valu­able in­sight in­to im­port­ant loc­a­tion se­lec­tion de­cision-mak­ing cri­ter­ia around la­bour mar­kets, tax and in­cent­ives offered to in­vestors con­sid­er­ing this re­gion.This re­port cov­ers a range of top­ics across 17 coun­tries in the wider CEE re­gion and as a res­ult, we have close to 100 pages of in­sights to share with you. There­fore, we would not ex­pect you to con­sume this all in one sit­ting and we hope this will be a use­ful tool longer term as you re­view the op­por­tun­it­ies in this great re­gion. Last, but not least, you can­not ig­nore the ele­phant in the room that is COV­ID-19. This pan­dem­ic that we are still very much in, has only con­firmed the stra­tegic im­port­ance and need for this sec­tor in un­cer­tain times, but has also high­lighted some areas for re­flec­tion. We hope you find this re­port use­ful and, wheth­er you are an in­vestor, de­veloper, oc­cu­pi­er or oth­er in­ter­ested party in the I&L sec­tor, we look for­ward to dis­cuss­ing your out­look and plans with you fur­ther.CMS and So­rain­en­Lu­kas Hej­duk - Part­ner, Head of CEE Real Es­tateOver re­cent dec­ades, coun­tries in the wider Cent­ral and East­ern Europe re­gion have at­trac­ted sig­ni­fic­ant levels of for­eign in­vest­ments. The well-edu­cated la­bour forces and lower la­bour costs than in West­ern Europe, rap­idly de­vel­op­ing in­fra­struc­ture with good trans­port links to the rest of Europe, tax ex­emp­tions and pref­er­ences for in­vestors, are only some of the reas­ons why nu­mer­ous com­pan­ies have de­cided to open man­u­fac­tur­ing fa­cil­it­ies and dis­tri­bu­tion centres in CEE.CMS and So­rain­en have provided their col­lect­ive know­ledge and ex­per­i­ence which is in­ten­ded to help po­ten­tial In­dus­tri­al&Lo­gist­ics in­vestors un­der­stand what in­cent­ives are avail­able when seek­ing to start op­er­a­tions in one or more of the 17 CEE coun­tries covered in this re­port. As there are vari­ous levels of sup­port across CEE, the fol­low­ing guide is presen­ted in a coun­try-by-coun­try format. It is not meant to be com­pre­hens­ive and gives more of a gen­er­al, in­dic­at­ive pic­ture. As laws and reg­u­la­tions can change quickly, it is vi­tal to seek pro­fes­sion­al ad­vice at an early stage if you de­cide to green light an in­vest­ment.Rand­stad­Paweł Ko­peć - Head of En­ter­prise Solu­tions CenterThe CEE re­gion has al­ways been among the first des­tin­a­tions in the minds of for­eign in­vestors, from the pro­duc­tion and lo­gist­ics sec­tors, when look­ing for sav­ings on per­son­nel costs and avail­ab­il­ity of the work­force. Over the years, la­bour mar­ket con­di­tions across the CEE coun­tries has changed rap­idly and, in some coun­tries, un­em­ploy­ment rates have fallen be­low levels that any­one could have pre­dicted a few years back, reach­ing nat­ur­al un­em­ploy­ment rates.Des­pite some of these factors, the CEE re­gion re­mains very at­tract­ive and has a lot to of­fer. Not only there are dif­fer­ences in la­bour avail­ab­il­ity and costs between the vari­ous coun­tries, there are also sig­ni­fic­ant dif­fer­ences between spe­cif­ic counties and cit­ies in the giv­en coun­try. New in­vestors will of course tend to feel more se­cure loc­at­ing their busi­nesses in areas already ex­plored by oth­er com­pan­ies, but those who take the risk and be­come pi­on­eers in less in­dus­tri­al­ized areas, may well be re­war­ded with loy­al per­son­nel and less work­force short­ages. In this re­port, we share our views on the vari­ous la­bour mar­ket con­di­tions and trends across the re­gion.25%me­di­um25%me­di­um25%me­di­um25%me­di­um
23 October 2020
The EU FDI Reg­u­la­tion be­comes fully ap­plic­able
The EU FDI Reg­u­la­tion, which came in­to force in April 2019, in­tro­duces a frame­work for screen­ing FDI in­to the EU. It is not a sep­ar­ate new screen­ing tool at EU level, but a frame­work for co­oper­a­tion and...
20 April 2020
CEE Green­field Guide
CEE coun­tries have at­trac­ted sig­ni­fic­ant for­eign dir­ect in­vest­ment in green­field op­er­a­tions in re­cent years. In­deed, many man­u­fac­tur­ing busi­nesses have fo­cused on ex­pand­ing ca­pa­city in CEE coun­tries...
27 August 2020
Tail­ings Man­age­ment and New Stand­ards of Reg­u­la­tion
Tail­ings dam fail­ures have put the min­ing in­dustry in the head­lines for the wrong reas­ons in re­cent years. Dam fail­ures can have dis­astrous con­sequences in terms of loss of life and en­vir­on­ment­al dam­age...
08 May 2018
Green­field In­vest­ments in CEE 2018
To read Green­field In­vest­ments in CEE 2018, please click "Down­load" be­low.
07 August 2020
Treaty claims for can­celled or mod­i­fied in­fra­struc­ture pro­jects in the...
A re­cent IC­SID tribunal has denied an in­vestor’s claim con­cern­ing the de­vel­op­ment of an air­port pro­ject in Latvia. The in­vestor was un­able to pro­ceed with the con­struc­tion of its pro­ject due to nu­mer­ous...
01/2016
New rules on gov­ern­ment se­cured loans and guar­an­tees in Bul­garia
On 27 Novem­ber 2015, the Bul­gari­an Coun­cil of Min­is­ters (the "Coun­cil") ad­op­ted a new or­din­ance on in­vest­ment pro­jects fin­anced with gov­ern­ment loans or gov­ern­ment guar­an­tees (the "Or­din­ance"). The Or­din­ance...
05 June 2020
Ad­vance pay­ment bonds: “step­ping down” pro­vi­sions and more guid­ance on...
Last month we re­por­ted on a TCC de­cision which con­sidered the re­quire­ments for mak­ing and re­ject­ing a de­mand un­der an ad­vance pay­ment bond sub­ject to the URDG. Very sim­il­ar is­sues have now been con­sidered...
07 May 2020
GRESB 2020 – It’s Ques­tion Time!
GRESB has launched its 2020 Real Es­tate As­sess­ment. GRESB is the lead­ing glob­al En­vir­on­ment­al, So­cial and Gov­ernance (ESG) bench­mark for the real es­tate and in­fra­struc­ture in­dus­tries. It is a vol­un­tary...