As already mentioned, work from home requires a contract. Therefore, the employer cannot force the employee to work from home.
However, the ZDR-1 envisages an option of unilaterally changing the employee’s place of work in exceptional circumstances. Namely, Article 169 of the ZDR-1 stipulates that in cases of natural or other disasters if such an accident is anticipated, or in other exceptional circumstances where life and health of people or the assets of the employer are threatened (i.e. extraordinary circumstances), the type and/or place of work specified in the employment contract may temporarily change without the consent of the employee. But this is the case only for the duration of these circumstances. Therefore, in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, provisions of this article may be applied to order the employee to work from home.