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  • construction management as well as warranty and damage management.

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Re­new­able heat - the most im­port­ant facts at a glance
The Aus­tri­an fed­er­al gov­ern­ment has draf­ted the Re­new­able En­ergy Act (EWG, Erneuerbare-Wärme-Ge­setz), which is ex­pec­ted to con­trib­ute to mak­ing Aus­tria cli­mate neut­ral. The draft EWG bill aims at switch­ing the heat sup­ply of build­ings to re­new­able en­ergy sources and provid­ing so-called ‘qual­ity-as­sured’ (i.e. de­car­bon­ised) dis­trict heat­ing by 2040 through the gradu­al pro­hib­i­tion of the burn­ing of fossil fuels. The EWG will also reg­u­late the in­stall­a­tion of heat­ing sys­tems in new build­ings as well as the con­ver­sion of heat­ing sys­tems in ex­ist­ing build­ings. The draft, which will likely not be passed be­fore Janu­ary 2023, con­tains the fol­low­ing points.Res­id­en­tial and non-res­id­en­tial pro­ject­sThe in­stall­a­tion, con­ver­sion and ex­ten­sion ob­lig­a­tions for heat­ing sys­tems en­vis­aged in the EWG bill will be of cru­cial in­terest to pro­ject de­velopers since it will cov­er all kinds of ex­ist­ing and newly con­struc­ted build­ings, both res­id­en­tial and non-res­id­en­tial. Ban on fossil heat trans­fer me­dia in new build­ing­sThe bill’s main in­nov­a­tion is a com­pre­hens­ive ban on in­stalling oil, coal and gas heat­ing in new build­ings from 2023. Such a ban has been in force for cent­ral oil and coal heat­ing since the Oil Boil­er In­stall­a­tion Pro­hib­i­tion Act 2019 (ÖKEVG, Ölkesselein­bau­ver­bots­ge­setz). Ac­cord­ing to the draft, from 1 Janu­ary 2023 the ban will ex­tend to cov­er ex­ist­ing de­cent­ral­ised heat sup­ply sys­tems run­ning on oil and coal as well as gas heat­ing sys­tems. The ÖKEVG is to be re­placed by the EWG.De­com­mis­sion­ing re­quire­ment for cent­ral heat­ing sys­tems ex­ist­ing build­ing­sThe law centres on the de­com­mis­sion­ing re­quire­ment for cent­ral heat­ing sys­tems in ex­ist­ing build­ings. Nat­ur­al gas heat­ing sys­tems must be de­com­mis­sioned by 2040, and oil, coal and li­quified pet­ro­leum gas (LPG) heat­ing sys­tems must be de­com­mis­sioned by 2035. In ad­di­tion, build­ings with cent­ral heat­ing sys­tems run­ning on oil, coal or LPG will be par­tic­u­larly af­fected since build­ing own­ers must de­com­mis­sion heat­ing sys­tems earli­er than this de­pend­ing on the sys­tem’s year of con­struc­tion. Ac­cord­ing to the cur­rent draft, cent­ral oil heat­ing sys­tems built be­fore 1980 must be de­com­mis­sioned by 2025, while new­er sys­tems must be gradu­ally de­com­mis­sioned by 2035 (as part of the suc­cess­ive de­com­mis­sion­ing re­quire­ment). This will mean sig­ni­fic­ant ad­di­tion­al costs since ex­ist­ing fossil-fuel sys­tems must be de-in­stalled and con­ver­ted to oth­er sys­tems. Those costs must be care­fully con­sidered for build­ings already in op­er­a­tion and for pro­ject plan­ning and con­tract design, es­pe­cially when de­term­in­ing the pur­chase price of real es­tate.Re­new­able en­ergy re­quire­ment for cent­ral heat­ing sys­tems in ex­ist­ing build­ing­sIf a cent­ral heat­ing sys­tem in ex­ist­ing build­ings is ren­ov­ated, im­proved or re­newed, it must either be con­ver­ted to a sys­tem us­ing use re­new­able en­ergy sources or the build­ing’s heat­ing sup­ply can be switched to qual­ity-as­sured dis­trict heat­ing. Con­sequently, as of 1 Janu­ary 2023, cent­ral heat­ing sys­tems not run­ning on oil, coal or LPG any more may not be re­placed with an­oth­er fossil heat­ing sys­tem. The heat­ing sys­tem to be re­placed must be de­com­mis­sioned. The EWG of­fers some flex­ib­il­ity. For ex­ample, the re­place­ment of old sys­tems will not be re­quired and a switch to dis­trict heat­ing and oth­er al­tern­at­ives is also pos­sible as ex­plained be­low.De­velopers are en­cour­aged to take the re­new­able en­ergy re­quire­ment in­to ac­count for their pro­jects, both in plan­ning and con­tract draft­ing. For re­pairs, re­fur­bish­ments and im­prove­ments to fossil-heat­ing sys­tems, the costs of re­mov­ing and dis­pos­ing of old sys­tems and in­stalling new ones must be weighed against a pos­sible switch to dis­trict heat­ing (for which the bill provides tech­nic­al ex­cep­tions).  Con­ver­sion re­quire­ment for de­cent­ral­ised sys­tem­sEx­ist­ing de­cent­ral­ised plants run­ning on oil, coal or gas will be treated more strictly. They must be con­ver­ted to cent­ral­ised non-fossil fuel plants by 2035 or, if op­er­ated by nat­ur­al gas, by 2040. Op­er­at­ing a build­ing will only be per­mit­ted if the build­ing is heated with re­new­able en­ergy sources or qual­ity-as­sured dis­trict heat­ing. For de­cent­ral­ised nat­ur­al gas heat­ing sys­tems, this only ap­plies if the build­ing is loc­ated in an area, which already has qual­ity-as­sured dis­trict heat­ing or where this will be­come avail­able by 2035. If this is the case, in­di­vidu­al units (e.g. flats, of­fices, shops) must be con­nec­ted to this cent­ral sys­tem with­in five years. If this con­ver­sion has not taken place in a build­ing, this must be taken in­to ac­count in pro­ject plan­ning and cost plan­ning. In in­di­vidu­al cases, it must be ex­amined in more de­tail what ex­actly "qual­ity-as­sured dis­trict heat­ing" means and how a real es­tate in­vestor can de­term­ine this or check wheth­er "it will have dis­trict heat­ing by 2035". It is also not clear wheth­er ten­ants can in­sist on a cer­tain changeover or, con­versely, op­pose it.Ac­cord­ing to the bill, fur­ther reg­u­la­tions are to be ex­pec­ted for those nat­ur­al gas-based sys­tems that are not covered by the re­new­able en­ergy re­quire­ment, the suc­cess­ive de­com­mis­sion­ing re­quire­ment and the re­quire­ment to con­vert de­cent­ral­ised sys­tems. There­fore, an­oth­er draft to ad­dress the phase-out of fossil gas heat­ing sys­tems in ex­ist­ing build­ings will ap­pear soon. However, these nat­ur­al gas plants will also have to be de­com­mis­sioned by 2040.En­ergy Out­look – is green gas the fu­ture?Ac­cord­ing to the draft, de­clared ob­ject­ives of the EWG in­clude the ex­pan­sion of dis­trict heat­ing and the con­ver­sion of heat sup­ply to re­new­able en­ergy sources or qual­ity-as­sured (i.e. de­car­bon­ised) dis­trict heat­ing. Ac­cord­ing to the draft, en­ergy from re­new­able gas falls un­der en­ergy from re­new­able en­ergy sources and is there­fore a means of de­car­bon­ising dis­trict heat­ing. The ex­plan­at­ory notes to the bill refer to the use of green gas for the lat­ter in ad­di­tion to waste heat util­isa­tion, heat pumps, geo­therm­al en­ergy and bio­mass. As a res­ult, heat­ing sys­tems that are op­er­ated with re­new­able gas are ex­empt from the de­com­mis­sion­ing re­quire­ment for cent­ral heat­ing sys­tems. Pending reg­u­la­tions on nat­ur­al gas heat­ing ab­sent from the EWG will not change this either. Green gas plants can be op­er­ated bey­ond 2040. Au­thors: Thomas Ham­erl, Dr. Jo­hannes Hysek, Karl Weber-Wois­etschläger 
EU Com­mis­sion pro­poses to mod­ern­ise product li­ab­il­ity rules for green and...
Cur­rent product li­ab­il­ity rules, based on the 85/374/EGK Product Li­ab­il­ity Dir­ect­ive (PLD), are nearly 40 years old and no longer suit­able for the mod­ern di­git­al age. Among oth­er things, the PLD is un­cer­tain...
Up­date Bauver­trag­s­recht
Nur re­lat­iv wenige Bauvorhaben können ohne recht­liche Dif­fer­en­zen umge­set­zt wer­den. Das Sem­in­ar bi­etet Ihnen eine wer­tvolle prakt­ische Hil­fe bei der Lösung von im Zuge der Ab­wicklung von Baupro­jek­ten im­mer wieder auftre­tenden Frages­tel­lungen und ver­mit­telt Ihnen auch nütz­liche Ken­nt­n­isse sow­ie Tipps für die er­fol­greiche Durch­set­zung Ihr­er An­s­prüche.Der Ref­er­ent führt Sie an­hand von Praxisbeis­pielen und ak­tueller Ju­dikatur durch die Ma­ter­ie des Bauver­trag­s­recht­es und steht auch für in­di­vidu­elle Fra­gen zur Ver­fü­gung. In­halt: Ver­jährung von Schaden­er­satzans­prüchenSich­er­stel­lung bei Bauver­trä­gen­Zurück­be­hal­tung­s­recht nach Bekan­nt­wer­den von Män­gel­nUn­ternehmerischer Gewähr­leis­tung­s­re­g­ressHaf­tung für Han­grutschun­genSchlussrech­nungs­vorbe­halt Ziel­gruppe: Bauun­terneh­men und BauträgerBauleit­er*innen, Baumeister*innenGeschäfts­führ­er*innen und Führung­skräfte aus Bauun­ternehmen­Zivil­tech­nik­er*innen­Ar­chitek­tur­bürosIn­genieur­büros­Be­hörden und Bauämter­Sachver­ständigeRecht­san­wält*innen
UPC Rules of Pro­ced­ure go in­to force with judg­ments to be made pub­lic
The entry in­to force of the Rules of Pro­ced­ure is part of the fi­nal pre­par­a­tions for the United Pat­ent Court (UPC), which is cur­rently ex­pec­ted to start work in early 2023. After the bod­ies of the UPC...
Leg­al is­sues in the meta­verse / Part 4 - Ex­pec­ted im­pact of the EU Ar­ti­fi­cial...
Part 4 - Ex­pec­ted im­pact of the EU Ar­ti­fi­cial In­tel­li­gence Reg­u­la­tion, the meta­verse as a work­place In our first art­icle, we ex­amined the nature of the meta­verse, the shared vir­tu­al world. The emer­gence...
Leg­al is­sues in the meta­verse / Part 3 - Data pro­tec­tion chal­lenges, the...
Part 3 - Data pro­tec­tion chal­lenges, the im­port­ance of cy­ber­se­cur­ity, ad­vert­ising reg­u­la­tion in the meta­verse In our first art­icle, we ex­amined the nature of the meta­verse, the shared vir­tu­al world...
Leg­al is­sues in the meta­verse / Part 2 - Trade­marks and copy­right, NFTs...
Part 2 - Trade­marks and copy­right, NFTs and civil law prin­ciples in the meta­verse In our first art­icle, we ex­amined the nature of the meta­verse, the shared vir­tu­al world. In the meta­verse, trade in vir­tu­al...
Roh­lik – par­ent com­pany of Gurk­erl.at – re­ceives 220 mil­lion euros of Series...
The new cap­it­al will be used both to fin­ance the on­line gro­cer’s con­tin­ued ex­pan­sion in Ger­many, Italy, Spain and Ro­mania and to drive for­ward tech­nic­al in­nov­a­tion.Foun­ded in 2014, on­line gro­cer Roh­lik, which re­volu­tion­ised gro­cery in Aus­tria with gurk­erl.at, is one of the fast­est grow­ing re­tail­ers in the Czech Re­pub­lic and the en­tire CEE re­gion. Prom­ising de­liv­ery just 90 minutes after an or­der is placed, the com­pany already sup­plies more than one mil­lion cus­tom­ers with more than 17,000 products. Roh­lik now not only of­fers its de­liv­ery ser­vice in Vi­enna (gurk­erl.at), but also in Prague (roh­lik.cz), Bud­apest (kifli.hu), Mu­nich and Frank­furt (knus­pr.de). Soon the ser­vice plans to launch in Ham­burg, Mil­an (sezamo.it), Bucharest (sezamo.ro) and Mad­rid (sezamo.es). The fresh cap­it­al will be used to fin­ance con­tinu­ing ex­pan­sion and drive tech­nic­al in­nov­a­tions.Al­ex­an­der Rakosi, Part­ner in the CMS Vi­enna Cor­por­ate Trans­ac­tions Team, is de­lighted with the deal: “Such a large cross-bor­der trans­ac­tion al­ways raises a num­ber of com­plex leg­al and or­gan­isa­tion­al is­sues that re­quire sound leg­al ex­pert­ise and a well-co­ordin­ated trans­ac­tion team. Our in­ter­na­tion­al net­work en­ables us to provide our cli­ents with com­pre­hens­ive ad­vice and ac­cess to seasoned ex­perts in all coun­tries.”Man­aging Part­ner of CMS in Prague and Brat­is­lava, Helen Rod­well, is also pleased about the suc­cess­ful clos­ing: “We are proud to have been able to ac­com­pany this new fin­an­cing round. Roh­lik’s unique of­fer­ing and first-class ser­vice make it an at­tract­ive growth can­did­ate for in­vestors cau­tious due to the cur­rent eco­nom­ic and geo­pol­it­ic­al cli­mate. As a lead­ing in­ter­na­tion­al law firm – with a sig­ni­fic­ant pres­ence in CEE and many oth­er European coun­tries – CMS is ideally placed to provide leg­al sup­port for this kind of cross-bor­der trans­ac­tion.”The Aus­tri­an CMS leg­al team in Vi­enna in­cluded Al­ex­an­der Rakosi and Flori­an May­er (Cor­por­ate Law/M&A), Anna Hiegel­sper­ger (Cor­por­ate Law/M&A), Jens Winter (Em­ploy­ment & Pen­sions), Sonja Oten­hajmer (Dis­pute Res­ol­u­tion), Mar­i­ella Ka­poun (Real Es­tate & Con­struc­tion) and Max­imili­an Uidl (Real Es­tate & Con­struc­tion). The in­ter­na­tion­al CMS leg­al team was led by ex­per­i­enced CMS part­ner Helen Rod­well (CMS Czech Re­pub­lic) and con­sisted of Dav­id Cran­field (CMS Ro­mania), Štěpán Havránek and Tristan O'­Con­nor (CMS Czech Re­pub­lic); and Mor­itz Kop­ka (CMS UK). Also ad­vising were Flori­an Kami­en­ke and Oliv­er Thurn (CMS Ger­many); Mik­los Boros (CMS Hun­gary); José Lu­is Rodrig­uez and Car­los Peña (CMS Spain); Cristina Ci­omos and Rod­ica Manea (CMS Ro­mania); and Aless­andra Cuni, Sara Tam­marazio and Daniela Murer (CMS Italy). 
CMS Next
What’s next? In a world of ever-ac­cel­er­at­ing change, stay­ing ahead of the curve and know­ing what’s next for your busi­ness or sec­tor is es­sen­tial.At CMS, we see ourselves not only as your leg­al ad­visers but also as your busi­ness part­ners. We work to­geth­er with you to not only re­solve cur­rent is­sues but to an­ti­cip­ate fu­ture chal­lenges and in­nov­ate to meet them.With our latest pub­lic­a­tion, CMS Next, our ex­perts will reg­u­larly of­fer you in­sights in­to and fresh per­spect­ives on a range of is­sues that busi­nesses have to deal with – from ESG agen­das to re­struc­tur­ing after the pan­dem­ic or fa­cing the di­git­al trans­form­a­tion. We will also share with you more about the work that we are do­ing for our cli­ents, help­ing them in­nov­ate, grow and mit­ig­ate risk.To be able to provide you with the best sup­port, we im­merse ourselves in your world to un­der­stand your leg­al needs and chal­lenges. However, it is equally im­port­ant that you know who we are and how we can work with you. So, we in­vite you to meet our ex­perts and catch a glimpse of what is hap­pen­ing in­side CMS.En­joy read­ing this pub­lic­a­tion, which we will up­date reg­u­larly with new con­tent.CMS Ex­ec­ut­ive Team
Amended IC­SID Rules to enter in­to force on 1 Ju­ly 2022
On 21 March 2022, the Mem­ber States of the In­ter­na­tion­al Centre for Set­tle­ment of In­vest­ment Dis­putes (IC­SID) ad­op­ted a com­pre­hens­ive set of amend­ments to IC­SID ar­bit­ra­tion and con­cili­ation rules (“IC­SID...
The Pro­posed Dir­ect­ive on Cor­por­ate Sus­tain­ab­il­ity Due Di­li­gence – a step...
The Pro­posed Dir­ect­ive on Cor­por­ate Sus­tain­ab­il­ity Due Di­li­gence (the “CSDD Pro­pos­al”), pub­lished on 23 Feb­ru­ary 2022, aims to im­pose ob­lig­a­tions on com­pan­ies, their sub­si­di­ar­ies and their value chains...
EU and UK Sanc­tions against Rus­sia: a fo­cus on the Fin­an­cial Sec­tor
In re­cent days the EU and the UK have ad­op­ted and ex­pan­ded a num­ber of  sanc­tions meas­ures against Rus­si­an and Be­larus­i­an in­di­vidu­als and com­pan­ies. This art­icle fo­cuses on re­strict­ive meas­ures dir­ec­ted...