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Poland

As local and international regulations become more prescriptive and enforcement gathers pace, dealing with the evolving tax landscape in a cross-border context presents you with a significant challenge. The number and complexity of tax investigations conducted by authorities is rapidly escalating and the need for tax adjustments is rising accordingly.

Our 350 tax lawyers worldwide are supported by strong technical tax intelligence teams that identify developments in tax law and policy affecting your business. This multi-disciplinary approach helps you develop robust structures that maximise tax effectiveness in alignment with your commercial strategy. Given the cross-border nature of today's tax issues, top corporates and financial institutions seek our advice in Central and Eastern Europe, given our global tax presence and our in-depth expertise in national tax laws.

I like the pro-business approach and creativity, and the lawyers always very quickly and very efficiently help us to solve problems. You can always rely on the team.
Chambers Europe, 2016

Whether you are a financial institution, multinational, fund, investor or high net worth individual, we understand your business and the tax pressures you face. Our teams work together across Central and Eastern Europe and beyond in the key areas affecting your business including VAT, international taxation, transfer pricing, e-commerce, M&A and investment funds, tax planning and financing. Our experts can help you manage tax control cases and deal with tax authorities as well as manage tax litigation cases, including challenging tax liability decisions. The right tax advice can make a material difference to transaction costs and, in some cases, avert serious consequences.

Our Polish team frequently advises on the creation of effective tax structures, restructuring of business entities, M&As and transfer prices. We specialise in international agreements on taxation of direct income, income from investments, as well as holdings and portfolio investments. We also provide advice on real estate tax, including tax on agricultural properties. We represent our clients before the tax authorities and administrative courts.

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5 March 2021
CMS ad­vised on largest in­vest­ment in the chem­ic­al in­dustry in Po­land and...
In­ter­na­tion­al law firm CMS has provided com­pre­hens­ive ad­vice on the fin­an­cing of Po­lice Poly­mers, the largest pro­ject in Po­land im­ple­men­ted un­der the pro­ject fin­ance for­mula and also the largest in­vest­ment...
12 February 2021
New ob­lig­a­tions for ex­cise tax in Po­land for gas and coal en­tit­ies
From 1 Feb­ru­ary 2021 new re­gis­tra­tion ob­lig­a­tions ap­ply for ex­cise tax pur­poses in Po­land. All in­ter­me­di­ary gas and coal en­tit­ies, which be­fore did not have any re­gis­tra­tion ob­lig­a­tions in Po­land, are...
11 February 2021
New tax rules for real es­tate hold­ing com­pan­ies in Po­land
On 1 Janu­ary 2021 new rules on tax­a­tion of real es­tate hold­ing com­pan­ies entered in­to force. Ac­cord­ing to these new reg­u­la­tions “real es­tate com­pan­ies” will be sub­ject to ad­di­tion­al tax bur­dens. 1...
27 January 2021
CMS ad­vises In­Post, a lead­ing e-com­merce en­able­ment plat­form with a mar­ket...
In­ter­na­tion­al law firm CMS has ad­vised In­Post and a private equity fund Ad­vent In­ter­na­tion­al, the ma­jor­ity share­hold­er of the com­pany, on the list­ing of In­Post on the Euronext Am­s­ter­dam Stock Ex­change...
30 December 2020
Stock sav­ings plan and Brexit: Brit­ish stock and some oth­er fin­an­cial in­stru­ments...
As a res­ult of Brexit, both stock or UCITS by a Brit­ish is­suer are dis­qual­i­fied and some EU-based UCITS funds’ un­der­ly­ing Brit­ish fin­an­cial in­stru­ments may also be so. Such a dis­qual­i­fic­a­tion may lead...
8 October 2020
Ex­CEEd­ing Bor­ders: In­dus­tri­al & Lo­gist­ics Mar­ket in CEE-17
The I&L sec­tor in the CEE-171 has be­come one of the most sought-after as­set types since 2019, after Of­fices and Res­id­en­tial ac­cord­ing to Col­li­ers In­ter­na­tion­al, CMS and Rand­stad “Ex­CEEd­ing Bor­ders:...
07 October 2020
CMS Ex­pert Guide to I&L In­vest­ment In­cent­ives in CEE-17
This Ex­pert Guide is part of Ex­CEEd­ing Bor­ders 2020 Re­port CMS and So­rain­en have provided a coun­try-by-coun­try guide to un­der­stand­ing and com­par­ing what in­cent­ives are po­ten­tially avail­able to In­dus­tri­al&Lo­gist­ics...
Comparable
07 October 2020
Ex­CEEd­ing Bor­ders
Col­li­ers In­ter­na­tion­al­Luke Dawson - Man­aging Dir­ect­or & Head of Cap­it­al Mar­kets, CEEThe In­dus­tri­al&Lo­gist­ics (I&L) prop­erty sec­tor has ris­en out of the shad­ows over the last few years to be­come one of the most dy­nam­ic and stra­tegic­ally im­port­ant sec­tors in our eco­nom­ies and the com­mer­cial real es­tate sec­tor, on a glob­al basis. The I&L sec­tor is by no means a new kid on the block and for people out­side of this in­dustry, it may well largely go un­noticed as products and ser­vices are seem­ingly ma­gic­ally pro­duced and ap­pear in shops and on our door­steps. Be­hind the scenes, there is of course a gi­gant­ic sec­tor made up of man­u­fac­tur­ers, sup­pli­ers, re­tail­ers, 3PLs, dis­trib­ut­ors, stor­age and sup­ply chain com­pan­ies to name just a few, and they lit­er­ally touch any busi­ness or in­dustry sec­tor that you can pos­sibly ima­gine. In ad­di­tion to that, there are sev­er­al highly ex­per­i­enced, glob­al, re­gion­al and loc­al in­vestors and de­velopers that provide the li­on’s share of the prop­er­ties to make all this pos­sible.In this re­port, we look at how the I&L sec­tor has de­veloped in the geo­graph­ic­ally and macro-eco­nom­ic­ally stra­tegic re­gion of Cent­ral&East­ern Europe (CEE). We will also touch on some of the trends fa­cing the sec­tor, both from a prop­erty point of view, as well as from oc­cu­pi­er and con­sumer led stand­points. To­geth­er with our part­ners, we also provide valu­able in­sight in­to im­port­ant loc­a­tion se­lec­tion de­cision-mak­ing cri­ter­ia around la­bour mar­kets, tax and in­cent­ives offered to in­vestors con­sid­er­ing this re­gion.This re­port cov­ers a range of top­ics across 17 coun­tries in the wider CEE re­gion and as a res­ult, we have close to 100 pages of in­sights to share with you. There­fore, we would not ex­pect you to con­sume this all in one sit­ting and we hope this will be a use­ful tool longer term as you re­view the op­por­tun­it­ies in this great re­gion. Last, but not least, you can­not ig­nore the ele­phant in the room that is COV­ID-19. This pan­dem­ic that we are still very much in, has only con­firmed the stra­tegic im­port­ance and need for this sec­tor in un­cer­tain times, but has also high­lighted some areas for re­flec­tion. We hope you find this re­port use­ful and, wheth­er you are an in­vestor, de­veloper, oc­cu­pi­er or oth­er in­ter­ested party in the I&L sec­tor, we look for­ward to dis­cuss­ing your out­look and plans with you fur­ther.CMS and So­rain­en­Lu­kas Hej­duk - Part­ner, Head of CEE Real Es­tateOver re­cent dec­ades, coun­tries in the wider Cent­ral and East­ern Europe re­gion have at­trac­ted sig­ni­fic­ant levels of for­eign in­vest­ments. The well-edu­cated la­bour forces and lower la­bour costs than in West­ern Europe, rap­idly de­vel­op­ing in­fra­struc­ture with good trans­port links to the rest of Europe, tax ex­emp­tions and pref­er­ences for in­vestors, are only some of the reas­ons why nu­mer­ous com­pan­ies have de­cided to open man­u­fac­tur­ing fa­cil­it­ies and dis­tri­bu­tion centres in CEE.CMS and So­rain­en have provided their col­lect­ive know­ledge and ex­per­i­ence which is in­ten­ded to help po­ten­tial In­dus­tri­al&Lo­gist­ics in­vestors un­der­stand what in­cent­ives are avail­able when seek­ing to start op­er­a­tions in one or more of the 17 CEE coun­tries covered in this re­port. As there are vari­ous levels of sup­port across CEE, the fol­low­ing guide is presen­ted in a coun­try-by-coun­try format. It is not meant to be com­pre­hens­ive and gives more of a gen­er­al, in­dic­at­ive pic­ture. As laws and reg­u­la­tions can change quickly, it is vi­tal to seek pro­fes­sion­al ad­vice at an early stage if you de­cide to green light an in­vest­ment.Rand­stad­Paweł Ko­peć - Head of En­ter­prise Solu­tions CenterThe CEE re­gion has al­ways been among the first des­tin­a­tions in the minds of for­eign in­vestors, from the pro­duc­tion and lo­gist­ics sec­tors, when look­ing for sav­ings on per­son­nel costs and avail­ab­il­ity of the work­force. Over the years, la­bour mar­ket con­di­tions across the CEE coun­tries has changed rap­idly and, in some coun­tries, un­em­ploy­ment rates have fallen be­low levels that any­one could have pre­dicted a few years back, reach­ing nat­ur­al un­em­ploy­ment rates.Des­pite some of these factors, the CEE re­gion re­mains very at­tract­ive and has a lot to of­fer. Not only there are dif­fer­ences in la­bour avail­ab­il­ity and costs between the vari­ous coun­tries, there are also sig­ni­fic­ant dif­fer­ences between spe­cif­ic counties and cit­ies in the giv­en coun­try. New in­vestors will of course tend to feel more se­cure loc­at­ing their busi­nesses in areas already ex­plored by oth­er com­pan­ies, but those who take the risk and be­come pi­on­eers in less in­dus­tri­al­ized areas, may well be re­war­ded with loy­al per­son­nel and less work­force short­ages. In this re­port, we share our views on the vari­ous la­bour mar­ket con­di­tions and trends across the re­gion.25%me­di­um25%me­di­um25%me­di­um25%me­di­um
02 October 2020
Ma­jor tax changes are on the way
Work is un­der­way on new tax solu­tions which, in ac­cord­ance with the Min­istry of Fin­ance’s plans, are to enter in­to force in just 3 months: as of 1 Janu­ary 2021. If you con­duct an activ­ity:...
19 August 2020
Pol­ish hold­ing com­pany law bill sub­mit­ted to pub­lic con­sulta­tion
On 5 Au­gust this year the Min­istry of State As­sets pub­lished a bill amend­ing the Act - Com­mer­cial Com­pan­ies Code. In re­sponse to the un­cer­tain­ties re­lated to the func­tion­ing of groups of com­pan­ies in...
29 July 2020
CMS Po­land an­nounces key pro­mo­tions bol­ster­ing its Cor­por­ate, Tax and Lit­ig­a­tion...
CMS Po­land is pleased to an­nounce that the firm has made four key pro­mo­tions over the course of Ju­ly. Olga Czyżycka (Cor­por­ate M&A), Małgorzata Brauck­mann-Sajkiewicz (Tax), Pio­tr Nowicki (Tax) and Mar­cin...
08 July 2020
CMS Ex­pert Guide to cli­mate change tax re­forms and in­cent­ives
There is strong evid­ence that the cli­mate is warm­ing.  The Par­is Agree­ments on Cli­mate Change puts the re­spons­ib­il­ity on gov­ern­ments to lim­it glob­al warm­ing and they are ex­pec­ted to un­der­take sig­ni­fic­ant...