Portrait of Andreas Otto

Dr. Andreas Otto

Rechtsanwalt, Notary Public | Co-Head of the CMS Real Estate Group

CMS Hasche Sigle
Lennéstraße 7
10785 Berlin
Languages German, English, Spanish

Andreas Otto’s practice covers all aspects of commercial real estate law. With special hotel and leisure as well as retail sector expertise, he advises German and international property owners, investors and project developers on transactions and project developments. Andreas is particularly experienced acting for Spanish investors and Spanish companies operating in Germany whom he advises on their business activities together with a fully bilingual team. In this context, he also coordinates the German-Spanish group within the CMS organisation. In addition, Andreas has a strong, internationally focused notary practice, providing notarial services for real estate and corporate transactions.

Major industry publications regularly recommend him for his profound sector expertise and efficient advisory work.

Andreas joined CMS in 1995 and was made partner in 2000. In 2007, he qualified as a notary and has been a board member of the Berlin Chamber of Notaries since 2017.

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"Recommended" for Real Estate and Construction

JUVE German Commercial Law Firms 2021 (GCLF)

"At CMS Hasche Sigle, Andreas Otto draws praise for his work in commercial real estate matters. He focuses his standout practice on transactional and development matters relating to hotel, retail and leisure projects."

Who's Who Legal 2019

"highly experienced", client

JUVE German Commercial Law Firms 2018 (GCLF)

"levelheaded and pragmatic", client

JUVE German Commercial Law Firms 2018 (GCLF)

"competent and collegial", competitor

JUVE German Commercial Law Firms 2018 (GCLF)


JUVE German Commercial Law Firms 2018 (GCLF)

"Andreas Otto often advises Spanish investors on transactions involving Germany. He also assists Spanish clients with joint ventures and mergers with German companies and has a number of clients from the hotel sector."

Chambers Global, 2017

"Andreas Otto co-ordinates cross-border transactions between Spain and Germany from the Berlin office. Areas of focus include real estate, projects and general corporate matters."

Chambers Global, 2017

Listed for real estate law

Deutschlands beste Anwälte 2016 – Handelsblatt in Kooperation mit Best Lawyers

"The ‘proactive and efficient’ Andreas Otto heads CMS’ 58-strong team, which has ‘established itself as one of the top providers of real estate advice in Germany’"

The Legal 500 EMEA, 2015

"Andreas Otto heads the real estate and public law practice group. Clients say: ‘He is always available when we need him. He understands the specific requirements […] very well and has extensive experience in solving problems.’"

Chambers Europe, 2015

"His Spanish language abilities and knowledge of the market in Spain make him a popular contact for Spanish clients, and sources describe him as ‘strategically minded, with a good overview of the mandate.’"

Chambers Europe, 2014

"Recommended" for Real Estate

JUVE German Commercial Law Firms 2022 (GCLF)

Relevant experience

  • Valor Real Estate Partners LLP: Acquisition of logistics complex at Neuss harbour
  • Santander Private Real Estate Advisory & Management: Sale of a portfolio of four commercial properties to various buyers
  • US-entertainment group Advance Publications: Advice on acquisition of musical group Stage Entertainment from CVC Capital Partners and Joop van den Ende
  • CDL Hospitality Trust (REIT based in Singapore) / Acquisition of the four-star Pullman Hotel in Munich
  • Invesco Real Estate / Acquisition of the Adina Apartment Hotel in Nuremberg from FREO Group
  • AOK Nordost / Advice on the sale and partial lease-back of a real-estate portfolio of 42 properties in Berlin, Brandenburg and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The sale was carried out in a structured bidding process
  • Luxembourg-based investment corporation / Advice on the acquisition of a residential portfolio from Nicolas Berggruen Holding
  • Advising Azora Group on the acquisition of hotels in Berlin and Cologne as well as on the hotels‘ day-to-day operation (management contracts); most recently negotiating and concluding a management contract with Steigenberger Hotels including refurbishment contracts
  • Advising Thai group Fico Corporation on the acquisition of a hotel portfolio (sale-leaseback transaction) from Grand City who also operate the hotels
  • Advising Hoteles Turísticos Unidos (Hotusa) on their expansion in Germany, particularly on the development and sale and leaseback of Hotel Eurostars in Berlin
  • Advising Louvre Hotels Group on a transaction related to a portfolio of ten Balladins hotels in Germany
  • Long-standing (approx. 20 years) client relation with Meliá Hotels International: Advising on the group’s expansion in Germany, including the acquisition of the INNSIDE hotel chain with twelve 4- and 5-star hotels, as well as advising on all new hotel projects in Germany
  • Advising NH Hotels on restructuring and expansion in Germany
  • Advising RIU Hotels on the opening of the RIU Plaza Berlin, the Spanish hotel chain’s first German property
  • Advising the Spanish property company Metrovacesa in the tender process for the acquisition of a real estate portfolio owned by Daimler AG at Berlin’s Potsdamer Platz (incl. Hyatt hotel); advising the client throughout the entire process until the final decision was made by the seller, including due diligence and negotiation of purchase contract
  • Advising a group of Spanish investors supported by Tenigla Real Estate on the acquisition of a commercial building near Duesseldorf Airport
  • Advising Santander Real Estate on the acquisition and sale of two former Hertie properties in Berlin-Schoeneberg and Berlin-Tegel
  • Advising Santander Real Estate on the acquisition, asset management and sale of the former Niketown
  • Advising Santander Real Estate on the acquisition and later sale of a commercial property in Berlin-Mitte with, amongst other, H&M and the Goethe Institute as tenants
  • Advising Santander and Pontegadea on the asset management of “The Q”, a Berlin shopping centre, and on its sale to Tishman Speyer; largest individual property transaction in Berlin in 2015
  • Advising Ludwig Beck on the acquisition of Wormland, a German men’s clothing retailer
  • Advising Spanish fashion label Desigual on its expansion in Germany
  • Advising AOK Nordost on the sale of the "Haus der Gesundheit" property on Berlin’s Karl-Marx-Allee near Alexanderplatz
  • Advising Spanish bank ABANCA on the refinancing of a hotel in Berlin
  • Advising Infinorsa, a Spanish investor, on the acquisition of two commercial properties in Berlin-Mitte
  • Advising Infinorsa on the sale of the head office of Deutsche Gesetzliche Unfallversicherung e.V.
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Memberships & Roles

  • Berlin Chamber of Notaries
  • ImmoEbs
  • ULI
  • German Chamber of Commerce for Spain
  • Spanish Chamber of Commerce for Germany
  • German-Spanish Lawyers‘ Association
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  • "Holiday Properties in Spain - Particularities of Purchase, Sale, Inheritance and Donations in Consideration of Tax Aspects", NWB Erben und Vermögen 2018, page 248
  • Standardvertragsmuster zum Gesellschaftsrecht Deutsch-Spanisch, Verlag C.H. Beck 2. Auflage 2016
  • Handbuch Bauzeit, Werner Verlag, 3. Auflage 2016, Co-Author
  • Besprechung Beck'scher VOB-Kommentar, Vergabe- und Vertragsordnung für Bauleistungen Teil B, 3. Auflage 2013, NZBau 2013, p. 688
  • Handbuch Bauzeit, Werner Verlag, 2. Auflage 2013, Co-Author
  • Vertragsbuch Privates Baurecht (Co-Editor and Co-Author), Verlag C.H.Beck, 2. Auflage 2011
  • Handbuch Bauzeit, Werner Verlag 2010, Co-Author
  • Überblick über das neue Forderungssicherungsgesetz, Zeitschrift für Immobilienrecht ZfIR 1/2009, p. 1 ff
  • Forderungssicherungsgesetz: Sind die Fenster drin, muss der Bauherr bezahlen, Immobilien-Zeitung, Heft 27/2008
  • Standardvertragsmuster zum Gesellschaftsrecht Deutsch-Spanisch, Verlag C.H. Beck 2007
  • "Bürgschaft auf erstes Anfordern nicht in AGB" , Immobilien Zeitung 2005
  • Vertragsbuch Privates Baurecht (Co-Editor and Co-Author), Verlag C.H. Beck 2005
  • Sociedad Anónima y Sociedad Limitada: Bienvenidos a Alemania, Práctica Comercial, Beilage zur Jubiläumsfestschrift der Amtlichen Spanischen Handelskammer für Deutschland 2004
  • Anmerkung zu den Entscheidungen des Bundesgerichtshofs vom 22.01.2003 (VII ZR 183/02, VII ZR 267/02, VII ZR 68/03),Sicherheit nach § 648 a BGB nach Abnahme und Kündigung und Leistungsverweigerungsrecht wegen Mängeln, BauR 2004, p. 838 ff
  • Kostenrisiken des Streithelfers im Bauprozess bei Vergleich durch die Hauptparteien, BauR 2004, p. 1528 ff
  • Sicherheit auch in der Gewährleistungsphase, Immobilien-Zeitung 2004
  • El Código alemán de Gobierno Corporativo, INF Zeitschrift für den deutsch-spanischen Rechtsverkehr 2002, p. 77 f
  • Zur Frage der Verjährung von Abschlagsforderungen des Architekten und des Werkunternehmers, BauR 2000, p. 350
  • Ley sobre la aceleración de pagos vencidos en comperación con la legislación espanola, Informaciones - Zeitschrift der Deutsch-Spanischen Juristenvereinigung 2000
  • Zur Ablösung des Bareinbehalts durch Gewährleistungsbürgschaft beim VOB-Vertrag, BauR 1999, p. 322
  • Derecho de insolvencia - la "reforma del siglo" en Alemania, Economía Hispano-Alemana 1995
  • Neues Mietgesetz in Spanien, Deutsch-Spanische Wirtschaft 1995
  • Das Ehegüterrecht nach dem Einigungsvertrag, Gieseking-Verlag 1994, doctoral dissertation
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Lectures list

  • Numerous talks and seminars on real estate law, amongst others, at IRE|BS Immobilienakademie, Humboldt University Berlin as well in the context of conferences and events of renowned seminar organisers
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  • 1995: Second state examination in law
  • 1994: Half-year stint with German Chamber of Commerce in Madrid
  • 1991 - 1995: Research assistant at Bonn University’s Institute for Civil and Civil Procedure Law
  • 1993: PhD; thesis on a topic related to the German Unification Treaty
  • 1991: First state examination in law
  • Law studies in Bonn
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CMS Ex­pert Guide to com­mer­cial rent pay­ments
The COV­ID-19 pan­dem­ic led many ten­ants to re-ne­go­ti­ate their lease agree­ments, oth­ers in turn have stopped pay­ing rent or paid a re­duced amount.After over a year of the pan­dem­ic bring­ing vari­ous busi­ness...
CMS Real Es­tate Glob­al Bro­chure
Glob­al­isa­tion, polit­ic­al tur­bu­lence, changes in urb­an liv­ing pat­terns, in­creased di­git­isa­tion, shift­ing con­sumer be­ha­viour and flex­ible work­ing are just some of the is­sues that are trans­form­ing the de­mands...
Re­pur­pos­ing Real Es­tate: The fu­ture of the world's towns and cit­ies
A rad­ic­al re­think for glob­al prop­erty – and where we live, work and play As the real es­tate world emerges from the pan­dem­ic it is clear that all around us the urb­an land­scape is chan­ging. Many prop­er­ties are ob­sol­ete but also have ex­cit­ing fu­tures with new uses. Our town centres and cit­ies are un­der­go­ing fun­da­ment­al change – which all adds up to a world fo­cused on Re­pur­pos­ing Real Es­tate.Now in its tenth year, our Real Es­tate Thought Lead­er­ship series has covered top­ics such as the rise of in­ter­na­tion­al in­vest­ment in the UK, the growth of tech, the fu­ture of the of­fice, the rap­id rise of in­dus­tri­al & lo­gist­ics and the ar­rival of build-to-rent as a ma­jor as­set class.This year, with the Gov­ern­ment hav­ing pub­lished its Lev­el­ling Up & Re­gen­er­a­tion Bill, we fo­cus on the fu­ture of towns and cit­ies not only in the UK but in a series of key glob­al in­vest­ment hubs: Ger­many, France, the Neth­er­lands, Spain, Singa­pore and the United Ar­ab Emir­ates.After two years of lock­downs, work­ing, shop­ping and so­cial­ising at home, a de­bate is ra­ging about the fu­ture of town and city centres. Will they re­cov­er? How will they look in ten years? Will urb­an­isa­tion go in­to re­verse? And what does this mean for the real es­tate world?In `Re­pur­pos­ing Real Es­tate’ we provide the first an­swers hav­ing polled more than 300 lead­ing in­dustry pro­fes­sion­als and al­most 15,000 glob­al con­sumers.The res­ults are fas­cin­at­ing: al­most a third of real es­tate is ear­marked for con­ver­sion – with re­tail and of­fices to hous­ing the most pop­u­lar choices. Con­sumers want more green and open space, hav­ing spent too long con­fined to their own homes.But the good news is that in­vestors, hav­ing come through the pan­dem­ic, are still con­fid­ent in real es­tate as an as­set class. The big changes will be in what prop­erty they in­vest in, mean­ing the places we live, work and play in may be very dif­fer­ent in the years to come.
CMS ap­points six new prac­tice and sec­tor group heads
CMS is pleased to an­nounce new heads for four of its in­ter­na­tion­al ex­pert­ise groups.All CMS law­yers work in cross-bor­der groups across more than 40 coun­tries world­wide that are struc­tured ac­cord­ing to...
CMS European Real Es­tate Deal Point Study 2022
Real es­tate in­vest­ment mar­kets re­main stable whilst buy­ers con­tin­ue to catch up in con­trac­tu­al risk al­loc­a­tion Lo­gist­ics as­sets more pop­u­lar than ever­De­mand from in­ter­na­tion­al in­vestors reaches re­cord high ac­count­ing for 55% of deals, with most in­ter­na­tion­al in­vestors still be­ing from with­in Europe­In­creased de­sire for se­cur­ity on the part of sellers con­tin­ued to be a fea­ture in 2021: share of trans­ac­tions in which the buy­er­'s pay­ment ob­lig­a­tions are se­cured reaches an­oth­er re­cord high­Buy­er-friendly trend in con­trac­tu­al risk al­loc­a­tion con­tin­ues as seller-friendly pro­vi­sions on lim­it­a­tion of li­ab­il­ity con­tin­ue to de­clineThe European real es­tate in­vest­ment mar­ket ap­pears to have largely re­covered from the con­sequences of the COV­ID-19 pan­dem­ic in 2021. Com­pared to the pan­dem­ic-stricken pre­vi­ous year, total in­vest­ment in­creased by around 15% to ap­prox­im­ately EUR 270 bil­lion, mark­ing a re­turn to the pre-crisis level.Lo­gist­ics as­sets per­formed par­tic­u­larly well last year, hav­ing be­come the fo­cus of in­vestors’ at­ten­tion due to their stable in­come flows and the on­go­ing growth of on­line shop­ping. De­mand from in­ter­na­tion­al in­vestors was also up again in 2021, with in­tra-European trans­ac­tions be­ing the rule. 2021 also brought a new re­cord high in the num­ber of trans­ac­tions in which the buy­er­'s pay­ment ob­lig­a­tions were se­cured. With re­gard to con­tract design, the buy­er-friendly trend con­tin­ued, as re­flec­ted es­pe­cially by a de­crease in de min­imis and bas­ket clauses as well as caps. Lo­gist­ics as­sets more pop­u­lar than ever Of­fice prop­er­ties were a pop­u­lar as­set class in 2021 des­pite all the un­cer­tainty sur­round­ing the COV­ID-19 pan­dem­ic, al­though some mar­ket share was lost to lo­gist­ics and res­id­en­tial. The slight down­ward trend in of­fice trans­ac­tions handled by CMS seen in pre­vi­ous years non­ethe­less con­tin­ued, with their share de­clin­ing from 30% in 2020 to 19%. The reas­on for the de­clin­ing pro­por­tion of trans­ac­tions in the of­fice seg­ment is likely to be two-fold, com­bin­ing the lack of avail­able core prop­er­ties and the cur­rent un­cer­tainty around the im­pact of hy­brid ways of work­ing on de­mand for of­fice space.The res­id­en­tial and lo­gist­ics as­set classes on the oth­er hand were es­pe­cially pop­u­lar in 2021, each with a mar­ket share of 23%, com­pared to 22% and 19% re­spect­ively in 2020. One of the key factors for this trend was the stable in­come gen­er­ated by res­id­en­tial and lo­gist­ics prop­er­ties, which is par­tic­u­larly at­tract­ive to in­vestors. Lo­gist­ics as­sets ad­di­tion­ally be­nefited from the on­go­ing growth of on­line shop­ping, which was boos­ted re­cently by the COV­ID-19 pan­dem­ic and the re­lated clos­ure of re­tail shops, lead­ing to an in­creased need for de­liv­ery and dis­tri­bu­tion centres. High de­mand from in­ter­na­tion­al, mostly in­tra-European, in­vestors In­ter­na­tion­al in­vestors were more act­ive again last year: they ac­coun­ted for 55% of deals in 2021, com­pared to 43% in 2020. In 2020, in­ter­na­tion­al in­vestors had a dif­fi­cult time, not least due to the im­pact of the COV­ID-19 pan­dem­ic. The as­so­ci­ated travel re­stric­tions meant that many in­ter­na­tion­al in­vestors from oth­er con­tin­ents were forced to post­pone their planned trans­ac­tions. The prop­erty mar­ket seems to have re­covered from these ef­fects last year, with a new re­cord 55% of trans­ac­tions in­volving for­eign in­vestors. However, these for­eign in­vestors were mostly from with­in Europe; the num­ber of in­ter­con­tin­ent­al trans­ac­tions re­mained be­low pre-pan­dem­ic levels in 2021. Sellers seek se­cur­ity An in­creased de­sire for se­cur­ity on the part of sellers con­tin­ued to be a fea­ture in 2021. The share of trans­ac­tions in which steps were taken to en­sure that the buy­er met its fin­an­cial ob­lig­a­tions rose fur­ther in 2021. Sellers were gran­ted se­cur­ity in more than two thirds of cases (70%). This trend is con­sist­ent with 2020, when an in­creased de­sire for se­cur­ity on the part of sellers was already ap­par­ent. In con­trast, se­cur­ity was agreed in less than 50% of all trans­ac­tions in the peri­od from 2015 to 2018. The cur­rent high level is due in part to an in­creased de­sire for se­cur­ity on the part of sellers as a res­ult of the COV­ID-19 pan­dem­ic; they were of­ten un­cer­tain about the buy­er’s solvency go­ing for­ward. Buy­ers con­tin­ue to catch up in con­trac­tu­al risk al­loc­a­tion Buy­ers were able to catch up fur­ther in terms of con­trac­tu­al risk al­loc­a­tion. The pro­por­tion of trans­ac­tions with seller-friendly de min­imis clauses and bas­ket clauses (i.e. clauses that provide for a threshold or min­im­um lim­it for guar­an­tee claims by the buy­er) stag­nated or de­clined some­what com­pared with the pre­ced­ing years. In the pre­vi­ous year, after a no­tice­able de­cline, agree­ments aimed at lim­it­ing li­ab­il­ity were made in 44% (de min­imis clauses) and 41% (bas­ket clauses) of cases. The share of deals with a bas­ket clause fell fur­ther to 32% in 2021. As in 2020, a de min­imis clause was in­cluded in 44% of the trans­ac­tions ana­lysed. A sim­il­ar trend was seen in con­trac­tu­ally-agreed li­ab­il­ity caps. Whilst the pro­por­tion of trans­ac­tions with a cap was well over 60% in some cases in the years up to 2018, the per­cent­age of agree­ments with a con­trac­tu­ally-agreed max­im­um li­ab­il­ity fell slightly from 56% in 2020 to 50%.
Real es­tate trans­ac­tion costs and taxes in Ger­many
1. Due di­li­gence costs for the pur­chase of real es­tate 1.1 Mu­ni­cip­al search Cost Ad­min­is­trat­ive fees for cop­ies or ex­cerpts from pub­lic re­gisters may vary re­gion­ally from EUR 10 to EUR 50 (per land...
Law and reg­u­la­tion of rent­al agree­ments in Ger­many dur­ing Cov­id-19
Up­dated on 31.03.2020 1. Is a less­ee eli­gible for rent re­duc­tion due to a sig­ni­fic­ant de­cline in foot­fall and con­sequently its turnover as a res­ult of COV­ID-19? Gen­er­ally, a less­ee is not en­titled to...
CMS European Real Es­tate Deal Point Study 2019
A first glance sug­gests there were no ma­jor changes in the European in­vest­ment mar­ket in 2018, with the in­vest­ment volume be­ing roughly the same as in the pre­vi­ous year at around EUR 264bn. However...
‘Cradle-to-grave’ – Urb­an Be­ing
The urb­an­isa­tion trend, changes in life­style, dif­fer­ent work pat­terns and in­creas­ing mo­bil­ity are chan­ging Europe's cit­ies. What used to be re­ferred to as 'Gen­er­a­tion rent' has be­come a phe­nomen­on that...
An­nu­al Re­view 2018 – 2019
Cross­ing bor­ders is both the theme of this year’s CMS An­nu­al Re­view and a guid­ing idea that we had when we es­tab­lished CMS 20 years ago. At that time, we de­cided to cre­ate a high-qual­ity, ex­pert and mul­tijur­is­dic­tion­al law firm. This Re­view shows what we’ve achieved over the last year in pur­suit of this goal.Since 1999, work­ing across bor­ders has be­come a daily task for all our law­yers. We are one of the most in­ter­na­tion­al law firms, with more than 70 of­fices in over 40 coun­tries. Our 4,800 leg­al ex­perts world­wide work as one team across jur­is­dic­tions, prac­tice areas and sec­tors to en­sure that you get clear, ac­tion­able and busi­ness-fo­cused ad­vice. You can read about our mul­tijur­is­dic­tion­al sup­port for cli­ents in the stor­ies through­out this An­nu­al Re­view. For ex­ample: an in­ter­na­tion­al CMS team ad­vised Ad­vance / Ne­w­house Part­ner­ship on its pur­chase of Stage En­ter­tain­ment, one of the world’s largest theatre pro­du­cers and own­ers. Our law­yers spe­cial­ising in cor­por­ate, me­dia, real es­tate, tax, em­ploy­ment, IP, com­pet­i­tion and bank­ing all worked on the trans­ac­tion.Glob­al­isa­tion con­tin­ues to im­pact the busi­ness en­vir­on­ment pro­foundly, as do the key is­sues on the glob­al agenda such as the US trade talks with China, Brexit and the con­sequences of cli­mate change. With our glob­al firm struc­ture and mind­set, we help you an­ti­cip­ate the prob­lems you face in your daily op­er­a­tions. On page 28, you can read what some of our part­ners around the world have told us about the chal­lenges their cli­ents are cur­rently fa­cing.An­oth­er ma­jor factor shap­ing our daily work is the im­pact of tech­no­logy on all busi­nesses. This year, our an­nu­al event in Da­v­os on the oc­ca­sion of the World Eco­nom­ic For­um (see page 18) fo­cused on how in­creased di­git­al­isa­tion is af­fect­ing con­ven­tion­al busi­ness mod­els.Today, in­tro­du­cing more ad­vanced tech­no­lo­gic­al tools in­to leg­al prac­tice is a must in or­der to meet cli­ents’ qual­ity and ef­fi­ciency ex­pect­a­tions. For CMS, it is about more than just us­ing ar­ti­fi­cial in­tel­li­gence soft­ware or di­git­al tools. To us, in­nov­a­tion means de­vel­op­ing tech­no­logy to of­fer our cli­ents new high-qual­ity ser­vices and to provide new ways of de­liv­er­ing all our leg­al of­fer­ings. Our scale and pres­ence across many jur­is­dic­tions, coupled with our deep un­der­stand­ing of cli­ent needs in their loc­a­tions, means that we are very well qual­i­fied to de­vise such solu­tions. On page 16, some of our key in­nov­at­ors de­scribe the ways in which our tech­no­logy is be­ne­fit­ting cli­ents.I hope you find some in­ter­est­ing and thought-pro­vok­ing stor­ies in this year’s An­nu­al Re­view and wish you an en­joy­able read. My col­leagues in the CMS ex­ec­ut­ive team and I are al­ways happy to hear from you if you have any com­ments or ques­tions.Cor­neli­us Brandi, Ex­ec­ut­ive Chair­man
CMS at MI­PIM 2019
Part­ners from CMS, the largest real es­tate team in Europe, will be present at MI­PIM and look­ing for­ward to meet­ing you in per­son.Please do not hes­it­ate to reach out if you would like to sched­ule an ap­point­ment:...
CMS ad­vises Grupa Azoty on ac­quis­i­tion of Compo Ex­pert
Warsaw-lis­ted stock cor­por­a­tion Grupa Azoty S.A. has entered in­to a con­di­tion­al share pur­chase agree­ment for the ac­quis­i­tion of COMPO EX­PERT group, headquartered in Mün­ster, Ger­many, from XIO group...