Country snapshots

In the countries contributing to this publication, alliancing is at varying stages of development and adoption. In some countries, alliancing or co-operative contracts of some form are being used and in others, it is not a concept which is well recognised. There is no country where alliancing is significantly developed and adopted in the construction industry but there are many examples of individual projects where this is being used or employers who are taking the lead in using this form of contracting.

What follows are three specific country case studies where alliancing has been more readily used (Australia, Austria and Finland) as well as a snapshot of the experience in a number of other countries listed below. 

Key contacts

Shona Frame
T +44 141 304 6379
John Picarel-Pechdimaldjian
T +33 1 47 38 42 38


See the case studies:




Contracting alliancing is not present within Slovenia’s construction industry and the main approach to construction contracts in Slovenia appears to be contrary to the core themes of contract alliancing.

Survey findings show that clients prefer to cooperate with one main contractor rather than several contractors at the same time. This approach is in line with the Slovenian Obligations Code and considered good practice in Slovenia. However, for delivering large-scale projects, such as construction of highways or railroad infrastructure, Slovenian construction companies tend to form joint ventures.

Otherwise, construction agreements are designed as traditional agreements whereby the client is in a contractual relationship only with the main contractor. All rights and obligations are defined within this agreement. Even if the main contractor later concludes agreements with subcontractors, all risks against the client are assumed by the main contractor.

Key contacts

Graden Kjuder
T +386 1 620 5210