Country snapshots

In the countries contributing to this publication, alliancing is at varying stages of development and adoption. In some countries, alliancing or co-operative contracts of some form are being used and in others, it is not a concept which is well recognised. There is no country where alliancing is significantly developed and adopted in the construction industry but there are many examples of individual projects where this is being used or employers who are taking the lead in using this form of contracting.

What follows are three specific country case studies where alliancing has been more readily used (Australia, Austria and Finland) as well as a snapshot of the experience in a number of other countries listed below. 

Key contacts

Shona Frame
T +44 141 304 6379
John Picarel-Pechdimaldjian
T +33 1 47 38 42 38


See the case studies:




In Switzerland, multi-party-agreements are not yet used in construction and plant engineering projects. However, the increasing importance of BIM has now been recognized and the BIM method is already used (to a certain degree) in some construction projects. The Swiss Society of Engineers and Architects has recently published guidelines and an amendment to the model planning agreement for projects using the BIM method. However, the model planning agreement is still based upon to the traditional system of principal-agent and it is merely complemented with certain BIM specific services to be rendered by the planners and clauses regarding data inspection and data exchange.

The following collaborative elements are sometimes found in traditional planning and construction contracts: bonus-malus systems linked to certain contractual objectives (e.g. lettable area, target return, construction costs etc.), escalation mechanisms in case of disputes, mediation and arbitration clauses.

Key contacts

Dr Sibylle Schnyder, LL.M.
Certified Specialist SBA Construction and Real Estate Law
T +41 44 285 11 11