On 26 November 2018, BNetzA announced the final award conditions and auction rules for the 5G spectrum auction. The term is 20 years.
The spectrum allocations are combined with several coverage obligations regarding households, federal highways, national roads, waterways and railways:
Coverage of Population and Minimum Quantity of Base Stations:
- By the end of 2022
- Coverage of population: at least 98% of households in each federal state must have at least 100 Mbit/s (downlink per antenna sector); the newcomer Drillisch Netz must fulfill different coverage obligations: at least 25% of households by the end of 2023, and at least 50% of households by the end of 2025.
- Minimum quantity of base stations:
- 1,000 5G base stations and
- 500 base stations with at least 100 Mbit/s in "white spots" to be put into operation.
Coverage requirements for transport routes:
- Coverage of other mobile network operators will be taken into account.
- By the end of 2022:
- all federal motorways (approximately 18,000 km) with a minimum speed of 100 Mbit/s and a maximum speed of 10 milliseconds (ms) latency,
- the federal roads (with specific connecting functions; (approximately 5,350 km) with at least 100 Mbit/s and at most 10 ms latency, and
- railways with more than 2,000 passengers per day (approximately 21,000 km) with a minimum of 100 Mbit/s.
- By the end of 2024:
- all other federal highways (approximately 32,700 km) with a minimum speed of 100 Mbit/s and a maximum speed of 10 ms latency,
- all national and state roads (approximately. 80,000 km) with at least 50 Mbit/s,
- the seaports and the core inland waterway network (approximately 4,500 km) with at least 50 Mbit/s and
- all other railways (approximately 20,000 km) with at least 50 Mbit/s.
Details can be found in the following link.
The rules for local 5G spectrum were published on 21 November 2019.
Most of the requirements above (such as 10 ms latency and 100 Mbit/s) can nowadays only be reached with 5G, but the regulation does not specifically require 5G technology; whereas the obligation to have 1,000 5G base stations specifically address 5G technology.
Currently, the Federal Network Agency is drafting the criteria for allocating frequencies in the 26 GHz range for local 5G purposes upon request.