The Czech Republic energy efficiency legal framework is spread across several legal Acts. These give general guidance on the implementing of legislation (Decrees – in Czech vyhlášky) and numerous detailed Czech technical norms (in Czech: normy ČSN). Certain technical norms are legally binding and are therefore mandatory others however are for guidance purposes only; nevertheless they tend to be respected by the industry.
Article 156 of the Construction Code states that the materials used in construction shall be only those which guarantee energy savings and heat insulation. The implementation of the Technical Requirements on Constructions Decree expands the direction given by the Construction Code and states that construction shall be designed and constructed in a way as to minimise energy consumption.
Article 6A of the Energy Management Act implements the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive 2002 (EPBD). This Act sets out the essential requirements of the Energy Performance Certificate. In principle, the owner of the property is obliged to ensure that the energy performance of the building is met. The details are described in several Decrees and Czech technical norms. Once the requirements are met an Energy Performance Certificate is issued. This certificate is mandatory for all new buildings.
Important prospective amendments:
In 2010 the EPBD was amended by the EPBD II, this established ambitious energy saving requirements including the requirement of constructing “almost zero-energy building” by 2020. Amendments to the Energy Management Act, Decrees and Czech technical norms are being prepared to transpose the requirements set out by the EPBD II by summer 2012.