5G regulation and law in Slovakia

Information current as of 1 January 2020

What is the state of 5G deployment in Slovakia?

In order to achieve the maximum degree of transparency, it is envisaged that frequencies from the 700 MHz band will be allocated by means of electronic auction. Its date has yet to be fixed. However, the Regulatory Authority is anticipating that the auction will take place during the first quarter of 2020. To that end, the draft tender conditions were published in December 2019. Before the tender itself, there must be public consultation, which will be handled by the Regulatory Authority.

Which telcos and communications players are launching 5G services?

All the communications players and telcos would like to launch 5G services.

Are there any public tenders for spectrum licences?

Yes.

What are the conditions?

The draft tender conditions has been published in December 2019. Before the tender itself there must be public consultation, which will be handled by the Regulatory Authority.

The successful bidder will have to mainly:

  • Build the public 5G mobile network
  • Start using the allocated frequencies within two years
  • Ensure coverage of highways, speedways, railway corridors and inland water ways by 31 December 2025
  • Ensure coverage of 97% of area of any regional city in Slovakia by 31 December 2025
  • Ensure coverage of 90% of inhabitants outside of regional cities in Slovakia by 31 December 2027
  • Perform infrastructure updates

What has the government said regarding spectrum licences for commercial use?

The government supports spectrum licences for commercial use.

Are the rules for 5G already drafted, and if so, what do they say?

Slovakia adopted a plan for use of the 700 MHz frequency band. Such plan contains terms of use of frequencies in 700 MHz frequency band which shall be further specified in the individual decision:.

  • Frequency segment for base station public network stations 758-788 MHz
  • Frequency segment for terminal public network stations 703-733 MHz

 

  • Max. radiated power eirp
  • For base stations 64 dBm / 5 MHz
  • For terminal stations 23 dBm

 

  • Basic block size 5 MHz
  • Duplex distance 55 MHz
  • Modulation. - not determined.

 

  • Operation mode FDD
  • Type of radiocommunication - fixed
  • Movable except air movable
  • Harmonized standard ETSI
  • EN 301 908
  • Allocation method of frequencies - selection procedure
  • Allocation rights from frequencies can be assigned or rented.

 

  • Frekvenčný úsek pre základňové Frequency segment for base station public network stations 758-788 MHz
  • Frequency segment for terminal public network stations 703-733 MHz

What are or would be the rules for granting competitors access to the new 5G networks, once they are deployed?

According to the information obtained from the respective authorities and concerning the preparation of the steps towards 5G, we are not aware of any rules drafted for such access. However, spectrum holders are bound by obligations, whose breach may lead to penalties or even withdrawal of their licences. The assignment of the 700 MHz frequency band should be structured in a way that facilitates competition and should be carried out in a manner that does not undermine existing competition.

Petra Corba Stark
Petra Čorba Stark
Partner
Bratislava