CMS Expert Guide to cannabis law and legislation in Bosnia & Herzegovina

Medical use

The medical use of cannabis is not regulated in Bosnia and Herzegovina as such. However, the Law on Prevention and Suppression of Narcotic Drugs Abuse of Bosnia and Herzegovina only permits growing, importing and selling hemp for industrial purposes, therefore it can be argued that growing, importing and selling of hemp for medical use is not permitted.

Recreational use

Producing, importing and selling recreational hemp is prohibited in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Industrial use

Industrial hemp is only allowed to be grown for production of fibers, production of seeds used for nutrition of animals, further reproduction and processing of seeds and placing it to market. However, growth of industrial hemp for mentioned use is permissible in the event that the content of THC in dry matter of the plant does not exceed 0.2%. 

Additionally, only natural and legal entities which are authorised by the competent body are permitted to grow and place the hemp on market, provided that the type of hemp in question is registered with the competent body.

Under the Law on Prevention and Suppression of Narcotic Drugs Abuse, violations of industrial hemp are considered as a misdemeanor with a prescribed fine ranging from BAM 5,000 to BAM 100,000 depending on the violation in question.

No explicit regulation concerning cannabis CBD exists in Bosnia and Herzegovina, however the Decision on list of prohibited substances of Bosnia and Herzegovina for 2020 states that all natural and synthetic cannabinoids are forbidden except cannabidiol. In practice, however, this is a grey area due to lack of specific legislation.


It is possible to patent a cannabis-based product provided that such product fulfills the conditions prescribed by the relevant patent law.

Latest developments

Lately there have been initiatives for amendments of the regulations regarding medical use of hemp, however such procedure is time consuming, as this matter has to be addressed on several regulatory instances and by various competent bodies.

Picture of Nedzida Salihovic-Whalen
Nedžida Salihović-Whalen