CMS Guide to Anti-Bribery and Corruption Laws

June 2018

We are delighted to present the fifth edition of the CMS Guide to Anti-Bribery and Corruption Laws.

This edition of the Guide covers more countries than ever before, assessing the laws in 42 countries. We include full coverage of the BRIC nations, as well as increased coverage in Asia (China, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia), the Middle East (the UAE, Saudi Arabia and Oman) and South America (Brazil, Mexico, Chile and Colombia).

Since the last edition was published in 2016, there have been significant changes to the global anti-corruption landscape. Many of the countries covered in the following pages have updated, strengthened and widened the scope of their anti-corruption laws. Only 10 countries who were covered in the last edition have made no changes at all. For example, the introduction of the Sapin II Law in France aims to bring French anticorruption legislation in line with international standards in the fight against corruption. The new French law includes the creation of a new anti-corruption agency (Agence française anticorruption), and obliges companies with at least 500 employees and a turnover exceeding EUR 100m to implement a programme to prevent and detect corruption. In a further example, Australia’s Criminal Code Act 1995 (Cth) is expected to be amended by the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Combatting Corporate Crime) Bill 2017 (Cth), which will introduce a new strict corporate liability offence for bribery of foreign officials conducted by its associates for the profit or gain of the company, even if the conduct occurred outside of the jurisdiction. The Australian chapter is prepared on the basis that the Bill is enacted into law later this summer.

The majority of countries provide for private sector bribery offences, with only 11 having offences that only apply to bribing public sector officials. Almost all countries recognise the concept of corporate liability for bribery (with the exception of Bulgaria and Oman, where only individuals can be prosecuted), albeit that in five jurisdictions only civil or administrative penalties can be applied to corporates (Brazil, Colombia, Germany, Hungary and Mexico). Five countries (Australia, Chile, Italy, Switzerland and the UK) now provide for a specific corporate offence whereby a corporate will be criminally liable for failure to prevent representatives committing bribery on its behalf.  This shows the global trend to hold corporates to account for their employees’ actions and a shift in attitudes towards corporate responsibility.

As with previous editions, in this Guide we provide answers to the following key questions for each of the 42 countries: 

  • what are the offences?
  • who can be liable and when?
  • what are the penalties?
  • what are the defences?

We hope you find the Guide useful. 

We wish to thank all those who have contributed to this Guide. We would also particularly like to thank contributors from:

  • Khaitan & Co., the leading Indian law firm with offices in Mumbai, New Delhi, Kolkata and Bangalore, for their continued contribution to the Guide.
  • Rajah & Tann Asia (a transnational law firm, with offices across Asia) for contributing chapters on Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia.
  • Corrs Chambers Westgarth, Australia’s leading law firm, for contributing the chapter on Australia.
  • Feras Al Shawaf, CMS’ partner firm in Saudi Arabia, for contributing the chapter on Saudi Arabia – one of nine new countries added to this edition of the Guide.

Contact details of all our key contributors are at the back of the Guide. Please do not hesitate to contact them with any questions you may have.

Publication
CMS Guide to Anti-Bribery and Corruption Laws 2018
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Authors

Picture of Jean-François Goffin
Jean-François Goffin
Partner
Brussels
Picture of Grégory de Sauvage
Grégory de Sauvage
Senior Associate
Brussels
Picture of Mirko Daidone
Mirko Daidone
Partner
Tirana
Edita Poro
Edita Poro
Associate
Tirana
Picture of Atanas Bangachev
Atanas Bangachev
Partner
Sofia
Picture of Nedzida Salihovic-Whalen
Nedžida Salihović-Whalen
Partner
Sarajevo
Picture of Indir Osmic
Indir Osmić
Attorney-at-Law
Sarajevo
Rodrigo Campero Abogado Experto en Solución de Conflictos
Rodrigo Campero, LL.M.
Senior Associate
Santiago
Picture of Peter Huber
Peter Huber
Managing Partner
Vienna
Picture of Ted Rhodes
Ted Rhodes
Partner
Rio de Janeiro
Image of Rita Zanforlin
Rita Zanforlin
Senior Associate
Rio de Janeiro
Picture of Nick Beckett
Nick Beckett
Managing Partner
Beijing
Picture of Ulrike Glueck
Dr. Ulrike Glueck
Managing Partner
Shanghai
Sergio Rodríguez-Azuero
Sergio Rodríguez-Azuero
The Senior Partner
Bogotá
Daniel Rodríguez
Daniel Rodríguez, LL.M.
Partner
Bogotá
Picture of Stephanie de Giovanni
Stéphanie de Giovanni
Counsel
Paris
Picture of Véronique Buneau-Bayard
Véronique Bruneau-Bayard
Associate
Paris
Picture of Zsolt Okanyi
Dr. Zsolt Okányi
Partner
Budapest
Jozsef Kohl
József Kohl
Associate
Budapest
Markus Schöner
Dr. Markus Schöner, M.Jur. (Oxford)
Partner
Hamburg
Harald W Potinecke
Dr. Harald W Potinecke
Partner
Munich
Florian Block
Florian Block
Partner
Munich
Picture of Tomas Matejovsky
Tomáš Matĕjovský
Partner
Prague
Image of Petr Benes
Petr Beneš
Senior Associate
Prague
Picture of Emilio Battaglia
Emilio Battaglia
Partner
Rome
The picture of Olivier Marquet
Olivier Marquet
Partner
Monaco
Picture of Arkadiusz Korzeniewski
Arkadiusz Korzeniewski
Partner
Warsaw
Picture of Maciej Kopczynski
Maciej Kopczynski
Senior Associate
Warsaw
Mariusz Minkiewicz
Mariusz Minkiewicz
Associate
Warsaw
Piture of Leonard Bohmer
Leonard Böhmer
Partner
Utrecht
Picture of Ben Ewing
Ben Ewing
Partner
Muscat
Picture of Vanessa Cisneros
Vanessa Cisneros
Partner
Lima
Picture of Carolina Cueva
Carolina Cueva
Associate
Lima
Joaquim Shearman de Macedo
Partner
Lisbon
Picture of Andrea Baptista
Andrea Baptista
Associate
Lisbon
Petra Corba Stark
Petra Čorba Stark
Counsel
Bratislava
Picture of Peter Simo
Peter Šimo
Partner
Bratislava
Picture of Gabriel Sidere
Gabriel Sidere
Managing Partner
Bucharest
Picture of Horia Draghici
Horia Draghici
Partner
Bucharest
Luka Fabiani
Local Partner
Ljubljana
Picture of Maja Pukl
Maja Pukl
Associate
Ljubljana
Maja Zgajnar
Partner
Ljubljana
Lakshanthi Fernando
Singapore
Mun Yi Lee
Mun Yi Lee
Senior Associate
Singapore
Photo of Bernhard Lötscher
Bernhard Lötscher
Partner
Zurich
Picture of Aline Wey
Aline Wey Speirs, LL.M.
Counsel
Zurich
Picture of Olexander Martinenko
Olexander Martinenko
Senior Partner
Kyiv (Volodymyrska Street)
Maria-Orlyk-CMS-UA
Maria Orlyk
Partner
Kyiv (Instytutska Street)
Picture of Omar Qureshi
Omar Qureshi
Partner
London
Amy Wilkinson
Amy Wilkinson
Senior Associate
London
Alican Babalioglu
Alican Babalioglu
Partner
Istanbul
Picture of John O'connor
John O'Connor
Co-Managing Partner
Dubai
Picture of Harkee Wilson
Harkee Wilson
Legal Director
Dubai
Image of Hassan Khalife
Hassan Khalife
Consultant
Dubai
Jessica Foley
Jessica Foley
Associate
London
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