5G services are currently in the pre-commercial phase in Croatia.
According to the decision of the Croatian Regulatory Authority for Network Industries (“HAKOM”) the band 3.4 – 3.6 GHz - 90 MHz is currently available in part of Croatia, and after 4 November 2023 will be available nationwide. Further, the band 24.25 – 27.5 GHz is already available in Croatia, while the band 3.6 – 3.8 GHz will be available after 31 December 2020.
With respect to timely distribution of the 5G band, a National Action Plan for making the 700 MHz band available is being drafted but has not yet been adopted by the Croatian government. In order to maintain the range of the 3.4 – 3.8 GHz band, HAKOM began the process of re-planning and negotiating with licence holders about using the RF spectrum in that band.
Further, amendments to the Regulation on Payment of Fees for Addresses, Numbers and Frequency Spectrum (Croatian: “Uredba o plaćanju naknada za adrese, brojeve i RF spektar”) have been adopted to: (i) address the problem of paying large charges for the RF spectrum; (ii) reduce the RF spectrum fees to make the spectrum required for 5G more accessible; and (iii) stimulate the investment needed for the successful introduction of 5G.
Also, the Ministry of Health has initiated an amendment to the Regulation on Electromagnetic Field Protection (Croatian: “Uredba o zaštiti od elektromagnetskih polja”), which has resulted in an incremental increase in the periodic measurements of the strength of electromagnetic fields. Now, measurements must be carried out once every two years instead of once every three years.
However, the complete range of functionality is expected to be achieved in the period between 2025 and 2030.