Energy sourced from renewables is becoming increasingly important in Austria. According to the Energy Report, 2019 prepared by the Ministry of Agriculture, Regions and Tourism, roughly 82% of the energy generated in Austria was derived from renewable sources in 2018. Biomass accounts for 55% of all renewable energy and hydropower for 33%. However, the importance of wind and solar generation (6.6%) is also steadily increasing. The country’s topography supports the trend towards the generation and consumption of renewable energy, as does the legislative framework, which is mostly based on EU legislation.
The driving force for the support of renewable energy within the legislative framework is currently the Green Electricity Act 2012 (Ökostromgesetz 2012), which is being continually amended to further increase the share of renewable energy. In May 2018, the Austrian Federal Government adopted a climate and energy plan for Austria: #mission2030. The #mission2030 plan imposed national targets for the renewable energy sector, such as increasing the overall share of renewables to 45-50% by 2030.
However, after early elections in 2019, the newly established Federal Government, with participation of the Green Party for the first time, released an even more ambitious government agenda stating that Austria should be climate-neutral by 2040. The programme also focuses on issues such as the greening of the tax system, the decarbonization of the heating and transport sectors and the goal of 100% renewable electricity by 2030.