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Real Estate & Public

Comprehensive legal advice on real estate and public-sector matters

The Real Estate & Public practice is the biggest of its kind in Germany. It provides advice to the entire real estate and construction sector while also handling all issues involving the public sector. In doing so, the practice brings together all the relevant areas of law in a unique way.

In line with client requirements, the practice is divided into three sections:

  • Public - Advice involving the public sector
  • Construction - The entire project development value chain, including planning and construction
  • Real Estate - Comprehensive legal advice in connection with real estate as an asset class

Our strength: a comprehensive approach

The advisers at CMS Germany regard Real Estate & Public as an integrated area of law, business and life. This way of looking at things distinguishes us both from the major international commercial law firms and from smaller firms with a narrower focus.
In line with this philosophy, complex matters are resolved by a team comprising specialist lawyers from different (or related) areas of law.

We also provide expert coverage of interdisciplinary fields such as corporate law, financing and tax, state aid, administrative and environmental law, procurement, competition, antitrust and copyright law.

For cross-border projects we assemble international teams in conjunction with our foreign offices, which are led by a designated contact person.

Broad-based expertise for a wide range of clients

We successfully advise national and international market leaders in the real estate sector and construction industry, small and midsize construction companies, property developers, architects, engineers and project managers.

Our references include public corporations, banks and insurance companies, in addition to big-name institutional investors and industrial enterprises. The practice's sector expertise is wide-ranging – from the real estate and construction industry, hotels, financial sector, energy, utilities and waste management operators through telecom service providers, transport and infrastructure companies to the pharmaceutical industry.

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Immobilienwirtschaftsrecht
Real Estate
Property transactions “made by CMS Germany”Our team specialises in all matters related to real estate transactions. This applies to all aspects of the
Construction
Real Estate & Public - Construction
Project development and construction projects – in safe hands with usOur team excels in the development and management of large-scale real estate proj
Public
Real Estate & Public - Public
We can help with your public law mattersOur specialised team has many years of experience in advising investors, companies and the public sector on al
14/06/2022
CMS European Real Es­tate Deal Point Study 2022
Real es­tate in­vest­ment mar­kets re­main stable whilst buy­ers con­tin­ue to catch up in con­trac­tu­al risk al­loc­a­tion Lo­gist­ics as­sets more pop­u­lar than ever­De­mand from in­ter­na­tion­al in­vestors reaches re­cord high ac­count­ing for 55% of deals, with most in­ter­na­tion­al in­vestors still be­ing from with­in Europe­In­creased de­sire for se­cur­ity on the part of sellers con­tin­ued to be a fea­ture in 2021: share of trans­ac­tions in which the buy­er­'s pay­ment ob­lig­a­tions are se­cured reaches an­oth­er re­cord high­Buy­er-friendly trend in con­trac­tu­al risk al­loc­a­tion con­tin­ues as seller-friendly pro­vi­sions on lim­it­a­tion of li­ab­il­ity con­tin­ue to de­clineThe European real es­tate in­vest­ment mar­ket ap­pears to have largely re­covered from the con­sequences of the COV­ID-19 pan­dem­ic in 2021. Com­pared to the pan­dem­ic-stricken pre­vi­ous year, total in­vest­ment in­creased by around 15% to ap­prox­im­ately EUR 270 bil­lion, mark­ing a re­turn to the pre-crisis level.Lo­gist­ics as­sets per­formed par­tic­u­larly well last year, hav­ing be­come the fo­cus of in­vestors’ at­ten­tion due to their stable in­come flows and the on­go­ing growth of on­line shop­ping. De­mand from in­ter­na­tion­al in­vestors was also up again in 2021, with in­tra-European trans­ac­tions be­ing the rule. 2021 also brought a new re­cord high in the num­ber of trans­ac­tions in which the buy­er­'s pay­ment ob­lig­a­tions were se­cured. With re­gard to con­tract design, the buy­er-friendly trend con­tin­ued, as re­flec­ted es­pe­cially by a de­crease in de min­imis and bas­ket clauses as well as caps. Lo­gist­ics as­sets more pop­u­lar than ever Of­fice prop­er­ties were a pop­u­lar as­set class in 2021 des­pite all the un­cer­tainty sur­round­ing the COV­ID-19 pan­dem­ic, al­though some mar­ket share was lost to lo­gist­ics and res­id­en­tial. The slight down­ward trend in of­fice trans­ac­tions handled by CMS seen in pre­vi­ous years non­ethe­less con­tin­ued, with their share de­clin­ing from 30% in 2020 to 19%. The reas­on for the de­clin­ing pro­por­tion of trans­ac­tions in the of­fice seg­ment is likely to be two-fold, com­bin­ing the lack of avail­able core prop­er­ties and the cur­rent un­cer­tainty around the im­pact of hy­brid ways of work­ing on de­mand for of­fice space.The res­id­en­tial and lo­gist­ics as­set classes on the oth­er hand were es­pe­cially pop­u­lar in 2021, each with a mar­ket share of 23%, com­pared to 22% and 19% re­spect­ively in 2020. One of the key factors for this trend was the stable in­come gen­er­ated by res­id­en­tial and lo­gist­ics prop­er­ties, which is par­tic­u­larly at­tract­ive to in­vestors. Lo­gist­ics as­sets ad­di­tion­ally be­nefited from the on­go­ing growth of on­line shop­ping, which was boos­ted re­cently by the COV­ID-19 pan­dem­ic and the re­lated clos­ure of re­tail shops, lead­ing to an in­creased need for de­liv­ery and dis­tri­bu­tion centres. High de­mand from in­ter­na­tion­al, mostly in­tra-European, in­vestors In­ter­na­tion­al in­vestors were more act­ive again last year: they ac­coun­ted for 55% of deals in 2021, com­pared to 43% in 2020. In 2020, in­ter­na­tion­al in­vestors had a dif­fi­cult time, not least due to the im­pact of the COV­ID-19 pan­dem­ic. The as­so­ci­ated travel re­stric­tions meant that many in­ter­na­tion­al in­vestors from oth­er con­tin­ents were forced to post­pone their planned trans­ac­tions. The prop­erty mar­ket seems to have re­covered from these ef­fects last year, with a new re­cord 55% of trans­ac­tions in­volving for­eign in­vestors. However, these for­eign in­vestors were mostly from with­in Europe; the num­ber of in­ter­con­tin­ent­al trans­ac­tions re­mained be­low pre-pan­dem­ic levels in 2021. Sellers seek se­cur­ity An in­creased de­sire for se­cur­ity on the part of sellers con­tin­ued to be a fea­ture in 2021. The share of trans­ac­tions in which steps were taken to en­sure that the buy­er met its fin­an­cial ob­lig­a­tions rose fur­ther in 2021. Sellers were gran­ted se­cur­ity in more than two thirds of cases (70%). This trend is con­sist­ent with 2020, when an in­creased de­sire for se­cur­ity on the part of sellers was already ap­par­ent. In con­trast, se­cur­ity was agreed in less than 50% of all trans­ac­tions in the peri­od from 2015 to 2018. The cur­rent high level is due in part to an in­creased de­sire for se­cur­ity on the part of sellers as a res­ult of the COV­ID-19 pan­dem­ic; they were of­ten un­cer­tain about the buy­er’s solvency go­ing for­ward. Buy­ers con­tin­ue to catch up in con­trac­tu­al risk al­loc­a­tion Buy­ers were able to catch up fur­ther in terms of con­trac­tu­al risk al­loc­a­tion. The pro­por­tion of trans­ac­tions with seller-friendly de min­imis clauses and bas­ket clauses (i.e. clauses that provide for a threshold or min­im­um lim­it for guar­an­tee claims by the buy­er) stag­nated or de­clined some­what com­pared with the pre­ced­ing years. In the pre­vi­ous year, after a no­tice­able de­cline, agree­ments aimed at lim­it­ing li­ab­il­ity were made in 44% (de min­imis clauses) and 41% (bas­ket clauses) of cases. The share of deals with a bas­ket clause fell fur­ther to 32% in 2021. As in 2020, a de min­imis clause was in­cluded in 44% of the trans­ac­tions ana­lysed. A sim­il­ar trend was seen in con­trac­tu­ally-agreed li­ab­il­ity caps. Whilst the pro­por­tion of trans­ac­tions with a cap was well over 60% in some cases in the years up to 2018, the per­cent­age of agree­ments with a con­trac­tu­ally-agreed max­im­um li­ab­il­ity fell slightly from 56% in 2020 to 50%.
CMS Kaminge­spräche Con­struc­tion (in Ger­man)
We­bin­ar-Reihe
04/01/2021
Syn­opse zur Än­der­ung der HOAI
Das Bundesmin­is­teri­um für Wirtschaft und En­er­gie hat am 7. Au­gust 2020 auf das Ur­teil des Europäis­chen Gericht­shofs vom 4. Ju­li 2019 re­agiert und somit ein­en Ref­er­enten­ent­wurf für eine Ver­or­d­nung zur...

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15/08/2022
CMS ad­vises EnBW on in­vest­ment by Alte Leipzi­ger Halles­che in­sur­ance group...
Stut­tgart – EnBW En­er­gie Baden-Württem­berg AG has sold 49.9% of the shares in a port­fo­lio com­pris­ing 16 sol­ar parks with a total rated out­put of 597 MW. The plants in Branden­burg, Baden-Württem­berg...
02/08/2022
Leg­al is­sues in the meta­verse / Part 4 - Ex­pec­ted im­pact of the EU Ar­ti­fi­cial...
Part 4 - Ex­pec­ted im­pact of the EU Ar­ti­fi­cial In­tel­li­gence Reg­u­la­tion, the meta­verse as a work­place In our first art­icle, we ex­amined the nature of the meta­verse, the shared vir­tu­al world. The emer­gence...
28/07/2022
In­ter­na­tion­al CMS team ad­vises UK-Ger­man €2.8 bil­lion in­ter­con­nect­or pro­ject...
Ham­burg/Lon­don – Neu­Con­nect, to­geth­er with a con­sor­ti­um of more than 20 na­tion­al and in­ter­na­tion­al banks and fin­an­cial in­sti­tu­tions, has reached fin­an­cial close for the Neu­Con­nect in­ter­con­nect­or pro­ject...
27/07/2022
Leg­al is­sues in the meta­verse / Part 3 - Data pro­tec­tion chal­lenges, the...
Part 3 - Data pro­tec­tion chal­lenges, the im­port­ance of cy­ber­se­cur­ity, ad­vert­ising reg­u­la­tion in the meta­verse In our first art­icle, we ex­amined the nature of the meta­verse, the shared vir­tu­al world...
19/07/2022
Leg­al is­sues in the meta­verse / Part 2 - Trade­marks and copy­right, NFTs...
Part 2 - Trade­marks and copy­right, NFTs and civil law prin­ciples in the meta­verse In our first art­icle, we ex­amined the nature of the meta­verse, the shared vir­tu­al world. In the meta­verse, trade in vir­tu­al...
24/06/2022
CMS ad­vises in­vestors on form­a­tion of rostock En­ergy­Po­rt co­oper­a­tion joint...
Ham­burg – A 100 MW fa­cil­ity for pro­du­cing green hy­dro­gen is set to be built on the site of the coal-fired power sta­tion at Rostock’s sea­port with­in the next four years. The elec­tro­lys­is plant will...
14/06/2022
CMS European Real Es­tate Deal Point Study 2022
Real es­tate in­vest­ment mar­kets re­main stable whilst buy­ers con­tin­ue to catch up in con­trac­tu­al risk al­loc­a­tion Lo­gist­ics as­sets more pop­u­lar than ever­De­mand from in­ter­na­tion­al in­vestors reaches re­cord high ac­count­ing for 55% of deals, with most in­ter­na­tion­al in­vestors still be­ing from with­in Europe­In­creased de­sire for se­cur­ity on the part of sellers con­tin­ued to be a fea­ture in 2021: share of trans­ac­tions in which the buy­er­'s pay­ment ob­lig­a­tions are se­cured reaches an­oth­er re­cord high­Buy­er-friendly trend in con­trac­tu­al risk al­loc­a­tion con­tin­ues as seller-friendly pro­vi­sions on lim­it­a­tion of li­ab­il­ity con­tin­ue to de­clineThe European real es­tate in­vest­ment mar­ket ap­pears to have largely re­covered from the con­sequences of the COV­ID-19 pan­dem­ic in 2021. Com­pared to the pan­dem­ic-stricken pre­vi­ous year, total in­vest­ment in­creased by around 15% to ap­prox­im­ately EUR 270 bil­lion, mark­ing a re­turn to the pre-crisis level.Lo­gist­ics as­sets per­formed par­tic­u­larly well last year, hav­ing be­come the fo­cus of in­vestors’ at­ten­tion due to their stable in­come flows and the on­go­ing growth of on­line shop­ping. De­mand from in­ter­na­tion­al in­vestors was also up again in 2021, with in­tra-European trans­ac­tions be­ing the rule. 2021 also brought a new re­cord high in the num­ber of trans­ac­tions in which the buy­er­'s pay­ment ob­lig­a­tions were se­cured. With re­gard to con­tract design, the buy­er-friendly trend con­tin­ued, as re­flec­ted es­pe­cially by a de­crease in de min­imis and bas­ket clauses as well as caps. Lo­gist­ics as­sets more pop­u­lar than ever Of­fice prop­er­ties were a pop­u­lar as­set class in 2021 des­pite all the un­cer­tainty sur­round­ing the COV­ID-19 pan­dem­ic, al­though some mar­ket share was lost to lo­gist­ics and res­id­en­tial. The slight down­ward trend in of­fice trans­ac­tions handled by CMS seen in pre­vi­ous years non­ethe­less con­tin­ued, with their share de­clin­ing from 30% in 2020 to 19%. The reas­on for the de­clin­ing pro­por­tion of trans­ac­tions in the of­fice seg­ment is likely to be two-fold, com­bin­ing the lack of avail­able core prop­er­ties and the cur­rent un­cer­tainty around the im­pact of hy­brid ways of work­ing on de­mand for of­fice space.The res­id­en­tial and lo­gist­ics as­set classes on the oth­er hand were es­pe­cially pop­u­lar in 2021, each with a mar­ket share of 23%, com­pared to 22% and 19% re­spect­ively in 2020. One of the key factors for this trend was the stable in­come gen­er­ated by res­id­en­tial and lo­gist­ics prop­er­ties, which is par­tic­u­larly at­tract­ive to in­vestors. Lo­gist­ics as­sets ad­di­tion­ally be­nefited from the on­go­ing growth of on­line shop­ping, which was boos­ted re­cently by the COV­ID-19 pan­dem­ic and the re­lated clos­ure of re­tail shops, lead­ing to an in­creased need for de­liv­ery and dis­tri­bu­tion centres. High de­mand from in­ter­na­tion­al, mostly in­tra-European, in­vestors In­ter­na­tion­al in­vestors were more act­ive again last year: they ac­coun­ted for 55% of deals in 2021, com­pared to 43% in 2020. In 2020, in­ter­na­tion­al in­vestors had a dif­fi­cult time, not least due to the im­pact of the COV­ID-19 pan­dem­ic. The as­so­ci­ated travel re­stric­tions meant that many in­ter­na­tion­al in­vestors from oth­er con­tin­ents were forced to post­pone their planned trans­ac­tions. The prop­erty mar­ket seems to have re­covered from these ef­fects last year, with a new re­cord 55% of trans­ac­tions in­volving for­eign in­vestors. However, these for­eign in­vestors were mostly from with­in Europe; the num­ber of in­ter­con­tin­ent­al trans­ac­tions re­mained be­low pre-pan­dem­ic levels in 2021. Sellers seek se­cur­ity An in­creased de­sire for se­cur­ity on the part of sellers con­tin­ued to be a fea­ture in 2021. The share of trans­ac­tions in which steps were taken to en­sure that the buy­er met its fin­an­cial ob­lig­a­tions rose fur­ther in 2021. Sellers were gran­ted se­cur­ity in more than two thirds of cases (70%). This trend is con­sist­ent with 2020, when an in­creased de­sire for se­cur­ity on the part of sellers was already ap­par­ent. In con­trast, se­cur­ity was agreed in less than 50% of all trans­ac­tions in the peri­od from 2015 to 2018. The cur­rent high level is due in part to an in­creased de­sire for se­cur­ity on the part of sellers as a res­ult of the COV­ID-19 pan­dem­ic; they were of­ten un­cer­tain about the buy­er’s solvency go­ing for­ward. Buy­ers con­tin­ue to catch up in con­trac­tu­al risk al­loc­a­tion Buy­ers were able to catch up fur­ther in terms of con­trac­tu­al risk al­loc­a­tion. The pro­por­tion of trans­ac­tions with seller-friendly de min­imis clauses and bas­ket clauses (i.e. clauses that provide for a threshold or min­im­um lim­it for guar­an­tee claims by the buy­er) stag­nated or de­clined some­what com­pared with the pre­ced­ing years. In the pre­vi­ous year, after a no­tice­able de­cline, agree­ments aimed at lim­it­ing li­ab­il­ity were made in 44% (de min­imis clauses) and 41% (bas­ket clauses) of cases. The share of deals with a bas­ket clause fell fur­ther to 32% in 2021. As in 2020, a de min­imis clause was in­cluded in 44% of the trans­ac­tions ana­lysed. A sim­il­ar trend was seen in con­trac­tu­ally-agreed li­ab­il­ity caps. Whilst the pro­por­tion of trans­ac­tions with a cap was well over 60% in some cases in the years up to 2018, the per­cent­age of agree­ments with a con­trac­tu­ally-agreed max­im­um li­ab­il­ity fell slightly from 56% in 2020 to 50%.
01/06/2022
CMS Next
What’s next? In a world of ever-ac­cel­er­at­ing change, stay­ing ahead of the curve and know­ing what’s next for your busi­ness or sec­tor is es­sen­tial.At CMS, we see ourselves not only as your leg­al ad­visers but also as your busi­ness part­ners. We work to­geth­er with you to not only re­solve cur­rent is­sues but to an­ti­cip­ate fu­ture chal­lenges and in­nov­ate to meet them.With our latest pub­lic­a­tion, CMS Next, our ex­perts will reg­u­larly of­fer you in­sights in­to and fresh per­spect­ives on a range of is­sues that busi­nesses have to deal with – from ESG agen­das to re­struc­tur­ing after the pan­dem­ic or fa­cing the di­git­al trans­form­a­tion. We will also share with you more about the work that we are do­ing for our cli­ents, help­ing them in­nov­ate, grow and mit­ig­ate risk.To be able to provide you with the best sup­port, we im­merse ourselves in your world to un­der­stand your leg­al needs and chal­lenges. However, it is equally im­port­ant that you know who we are and how we can work with you. So, we in­vite you to meet our ex­perts and catch a glimpse of what is hap­pen­ing in­side CMS.En­joy read­ing this pub­lic­a­tion, which we will up­date reg­u­larly with new con­tent.CMS Ex­ec­ut­ive Team
23/05/2022
CMS ad­vises In­vesco Real Es­tate on sale of lo­gist­ics fa­cil­ity at Leipzig...
Mu­nich – Glob­al prop­erty in­vest­ment man­ager In­vesco Real Es­tate has sold a lo­gist­ics fa­cil­ity in Air­port­Park Leipzig to CBRE Glob­al In­vestors. In­vesco ori­gin­ally ac­quired the 114,000 square metre site...
20/05/2022
Amended IC­SID Rules to enter in­to force on 1 Ju­ly 2022
On 21 March 2022, the Mem­ber States of the In­ter­na­tion­al Centre for Set­tle­ment of In­vest­ment Dis­putes (IC­SID) ad­op­ted a com­pre­hens­ive set of amend­ments to IC­SID ar­bit­ra­tion and con­cili­ation rules (“IC­SID...
18/05/2022
CMS ad­vises Heng­tong on ac­quis­i­tion of LE­ONI-owned j-fiber
Ham­burg – Lis­ted Chinese power cable and op­tic­al fibre man­u­fac­turer Heng­tong has ac­quired all the shares in j-fiber GmbH, which is part of LE­ONI AG. The deal is be­ing handled via Heng­tong sub­si­di­ary...
10/05/2022
CMS ad­vises HQ Hold­ing on sale of ma­jor­ity stake in HQ Cap­it­al to as­set...
Frank­furt/Main – HQ Hold­ing, which is part of Har­ald Quandt (HQ), has sold a ma­jor­ity stake in private equity spe­cial­ist HQ Cap­it­al to French al­tern­at­ive as­set man­ager LFPI, hav­ing made a stra­tegic...